Reviewed by Melinda
Ratini, MS, DO on
May 08, 2018
IMAGE PROVIDED BY:
Getty Images / E+
American Cancer Society: “What Is Pancreatic Cancer?”
National Cancer Institute: “Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors (Islet Cell Tumors): Treatment.”
Cooper, G.M. The Cell: A Molecular Approach, 2nd Edition, Sinauer Associates, 2000.
National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse: “Pancreatitis.”
American Cancer Society: "Surgery for Pancreatic Cancer."
Johns Hopkins Nursing: “Pancreas Enzyme Replacement Therapy.”
National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse: “Pancreatic Islet Transplantation: What Are Pancreatic Islets?” “What Causes Type 1 Diabetes? What Causes Type 2 Diabetes?” “Pancreas Transplantation.”
Johns Hopkins Medicine: “Pancreas Transplant.”
Seena Magowitz Foundation: “Pancreas Transplant?”
Trivedi, B. Nature , June 2012.
Kyriazis,G.A. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, published online Feb. 6, 2012.
This tool does not provide medical advice.
See additional information.
THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site. If you think you may have a medical emergency, immediately call your doctor or dial 911.
© 2018 WebMD, LLC. All rights reserved.