When you watch your diet because you have diabetes, you'll want to pay special attention to carbohydrates, because they can affect your blood sugar level faster than protein or fat.
You get carbs from sweets, fruit, milk, yogurt, bread, cereal, rice, pasta, potatoes, and other vegetables.
It can help to count your carbs from things you eat or drink, and split them evenly between meals so that your body isn't overwhelmed by a sudden large carb load. If you get more than your insulin supply can handle, your blood sugar level goes up. If you eat too few carbohydrates, your blood sugar level may fall too low.
With carbohydrate counting, you can pick almost any food product off the shelf, read the label, and use the information about grams of carbohydrates to fit the food into your meal plan. You will notice that the concentration of carbohydrates in a candy bar and fruit juice is much higher than that in fresh fruit.
Counting carbs is most useful for people who use insulin several times a day or wear an insulin pump, or want more flexibility and variety in their food choices. The amount and type of insulin you are prescribed may affect the flexibility of your meal plan.
You don’t have to count carbs. You could use diabetes food exchange lists instead. Ask your doctor or a registered dietitian for their advice on that.
How Fiber Helps
Fiber helps control blood sugar. It also helps you lower your “bad” (LDL) cholesterol.
Most Americans need more fiber in their diets. The average American only gets about half the fiber needed on a daily basis.
You get fiber from plant foods, so plan to eat more of these foods:
- Fresh fruits and vegetables
- Cooked dried beans and peas
- Whole-grain breads, cereals, and crackers
- Brown rice
- Bran products
- Nuts and seeds
Although it’s best to get fiber from food sources, fiber supplements can also help you get the daily fiber you need. Examples include psyllium and methylcellulose.
Increase your fiber intake slowly to help prevent gas and cramping. It’s also important to also increase the amount of liquids that you drink.