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  • Answer 1/10

    Hemorrhoids are:

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    Essentially, they're varicose veins around your anus or lower rectum.

  • Question 1/10

    About how many people will have hemorrhoids at some point in their lives?

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    About how many people will have hemorrhoids at some point in their lives?

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    They're most common between the ages of 45 and 65. And if your parents had hemorrhoids, you're more likely to get them.

  • Question 1/10

    You can get hemorrhoids from spending too much time on the toilet.

  • Answer 1/10

    You can get hemorrhoids from spending too much time on the toilet.

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    Both chronic constipation and chronic diarrhea can lead to hemorrhoids. So can overusing laxatives and enemas. Any activity that causes you to strain or puts more pressure on the veins in your bottom -- including pushing hard during bowel movements and lifting heavy things -- can also cause hemorrhoids.

  • Question 1/10

    Are hemorrhoids dangerous?

  • Answer 1/10

    Are hemorrhoids dangerous?

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    Pain, itching, swelling, and bleeding during bowel movements usually go away within a few days. But these symptoms can be similar to colorectal cancer, although the two conditions aren't linked. If you have rectal bleeding or severe pain, you should see a doctor to rule out anything more serious.

  • Question 1/10

    Hemorrhoids are also called:

  • Answer 1/10

    Hemorrhoids are also called:

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    It comes from the Latin "pila," meaning "ball." The term "hemorrhoid" comes from the Greek "haema" (blood) and "rhoos" (flowing). In the Middle Ages, they were known as St. Fiacre's curse. Hemorrhoids may have been treated as early as 2250 B.C. in Babylon.

  • Answer 1/10

    The two types of hemorrhoids are:

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    External hemorrhoids, under the skin around the anus, can get painful and itchy. Internal hemorrhoids are usually painless, but they can push outside your body (called prolapse) and hurt and itch, too.

  • Answer 1/10

    What do doctors recommend for hemorrhoid discomfort?

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    A "sitz bath" can help ease the pain of hemorrhoids, and applying ice packs can reduce swelling. Witch hazel can soothe the itching; apply it directly with cotton swabs or as an ingredient in a cream or ointment. Other helpful over-the-counter treatments include corticosteroid creams, hemorrhoid creams, and pain relievers.

  • Question 1/10

    Hemorrhoids can happen as a result of:

  • Answer 1/10

    Hemorrhoids can happen as a result of:

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    Pregnant women have more pressure in their abdomen, as well as hormonal changes. They're also more likely to be constipated. Their hemorrhoid symptoms usually disappear after childbirth.

  • Question 1/10

    What can you do to help prevent hemorrhoids?

  • Answer 1/10

    What can you do to help prevent hemorrhoids?

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    Simple lifestyle changes can lower your chances of getting hemorrhoids. Fiber in your diet can help prevent constipation, which lessens the strain and pressure on your rectum when passing stools. Drinking plenty of water and regular exercise also can improve digestion and make going easier.

  • Question 1/10

    What might your doctor use to treat severe hemorrhoids?

  • Answer 1/10

    What might your doctor use to treat severe hemorrhoids?

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    In a process called ligation, a doctor places a small rubber band around an internal hemorrhoid to cut off its blood supply. After a few days, it falls off. Internal hemorrhoids can also be destroyed with chemical injections.

    Doctors may use surgical staples as part of a procedure to cut away internal hemorrhoidal tissue or to shrink external hemorrhoids. They can use heat or electrotherapy, too. Large or prolapsed hemorrhoids may need to be removed with an operation called hemorrhoidectomy.

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Sources | Reviewed by William Blahd, MD on August 26, 2016 Medically Reviewed on August 26, 2016

Reviewed by William Blahd, MD on
August 26, 2016

SOURES:

American Academy of Family Physicians: "Hemorrhoids: Reducing the Pain and Discomfort."

American Society of Colon & Rectal Surgeons: "Patient Brochures: Hemorrhoids."

American Society of Colon & Rectal Surgeons: "Education: Hemorrhoids."

Colorectal Surgical Society of Australia & New Zealand: "Haemorrhoids."

National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse: "Hemorrhoids."

MedlinePlus: "Varicose Veins."

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