Assortment of Fiber Foods
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Fiber Helps

To get the 20-35 grams of fiber your body needs each day, choose plant foods like cherries, grapes, crunchy bell peppers, beans, whole grains, and nuts. These help with digestion and constipation and are also good for your heart and blood sugar. Because they fill you up, you’ll eat less, which also helps if you’re watching your weight.

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Woman Blowing Big Bubble
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Chew Gum to Tame Heartburn

Chewing tells your body to make saliva, which balances the acid tied to the problem. Peppermint or spearmint can irritate, so pick another flavor. Skip this remedy if it causes you to swallow air, which can make you belch and feel bloated.

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Man Adjusting Belt
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A Few Pounds Make a Difference

If you lose even a little extra weight, especially around your belly, it can ease the discomfort of heartburn, gas, and belching. Your doctor can help you make a smart diet and exercise plan to reach your weight loss goal.

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Plate of Healthy Salad
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Shrink Your Plate

A great way to help prevent indigestion, bloating, heartburn, and other digestive health problems is to eat smaller meals more often. Slow down, too. It takes time to start to feel full. You’ll be less likely to eat more than you planned.

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Glasses of Fresh Juice
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Stay Hydrated

Fluids help your body get rid of waste and stay regular. You can sip water, juices, tea, and other beverages. They are also in foods, so you may not need to down 8 glasses of water a day. Your doctor or a dietitian can tell you how much you should drink and the best types to choose.

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Woman Walking in City
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Get Moving to Beat Bloating

Exercise may help with most minor digestive problems, from bloating to constipation. Physical activity helps your body’s digestive system move things along and let go of waste. It also curbs stress, which can trigger many digestive problems.

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Spoonful of Yogurt with Strawberries
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Try Probiotics

Probiotics are "good" bacteria. They are in some yogurts, juices, snacks, and supplements. Research shows they may help if you have diarrhea, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), or inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). But scientists don’t yet know which probiotics help which conditions and how much you need. Talk to your doctor to learn more.

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Woman Exercising on Mat
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Stress, Ulcers, and Constipation

Ever have an upset stomach due to nerves? Your brain and digestive system are connected. Stress can worsen problems like IBS and ulcers. Make it a priority to be active, get enough sleep, meditate, and relax.

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Beans and Stomach Cramps
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Watch Your Diet

Stay away from or limit foods that bother you. Some people have problems with gassy foods like beans and sodas, or fatty items like fried foods and cheese. For others, acidic foods such as citrus, coffee, tea, and tomatoes can spell trouble.

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Woman Breaking Cigarette
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Kick the Habit

Smoking weakens the valve at the end of the esophagus (the tube that goes from your mouth to your stomach). That can lead to acid reflux and heartburn. It also makes some cancers more likely. And it's more common for smokers than for other people to get ulcers and Crohn's disease. It often takes several tries to quit smoking for good. Keep at it! Ask your doctor for help.

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Glass of Iced Tea
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Drink Less Alcohol

If you drink, limit yourself to one drink a day if you’re a woman, or two if you’re a man. Too many drinks too often can contribute to heartburn, diarrhea, liver problems, and cancer of the esophagus.

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Woman Eating Fast Food
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Slow Down to Stop Burping and Gas

You want to keep air out of your stomach. So slow your pace. Don’t gulp your food or drinks. Chew each bite and enjoy it! Avoid gum and hard candy if they make you swallow air.

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High Salt Foods
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Limit Salt

Even a little extra in your diet can cause bloating. It can come from your salt shaker or from items like packaged snacks and cereal. Cut back and check food labels to see how much sodium is in a serving.

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Man Cutting Food In Kitchen
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Keep It Clean

No one wants food poisoning -- diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting. So keep cold food cold and hot food hot. Use different utensils and cutting boards when you prepare fruits or vegetables and raw meats. Make sure that all of your dairy products have been pasteurized.

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Foods Made Out of Soy
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If Dairy Is a Problem

Some people find that their bodies can’t digest lactose, the natural sugar in milk. It makes them feel gassy. If that’s you, there are lactose-free products to choose from.

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Woman Holding Her Stomach
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When Should You See Your Doctor?

Make an appointment if your symptoms don’t go away, come back, or bother you. See your doctor right away if you are or could be pregnant. Also seek immediate medical help if your symptoms are severe or if you have a fever, problems swallowing or going to the bathroom, times when you choke, bloody or black vomit or stool, abdominal pain, or have lost weight and didn't mean to. Your doctor will find the cause so that you can feel better ASAP.

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Sources | Medically Reviewed on 11/30/2018 Reviewed by Melinda Ratini, DO, MS on November 30, 2018

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REFERENCES:

University of Maryland Medical Center: “Gastroesophageal reflux disease and heartburn.”
American College of Gastroenterology.
American Dietetic Association.
American Gastroenterology Association.
Bode, C. Alcohol Health & Research World, 1997.
FDA.
Gerard E. Mullin, MD, associate professor of medicine, director of integrative GI nutrition services, Johns Hopkins Hospital.
Harvard Medical School.
Harvard Medical School Special Report, The Sensitive Gut. Harvard Medical School, 2005.
Johns Hopkins Medicine.
Medscape.
National Digestive Disease Information Clearinghouse, National Institutes of Health.
New York Times.
The Nemours Foundation.
University of Maryland Medical Center.
U.S. Department of Agriculture.
FDA: “Sodium in Your Diet: Using the Nutrition Facts Label to Reduce Your Intake.”
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases: “What I need to know about gas.”
Yoshida, Cynthia M. No More Digestive Problems, Bantam Books, 2004

Reviewed by Melinda Ratini, DO, MS on November 30, 2018

This tool does not provide medical advice. See additional information.

THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site. If you think you may have a medical emergency, immediately call your doctor or dial 911.