About 60% of your body is water, and it's just as important to your health as oxygen. Drinking water every day helps you form saliva for digestion and keep cells growing. It also hydrates your joints, keeps your body temperature in check, and moves waste out of your body.
When you lose more water than you drink, it's called dehydration. It can happen because of the side effects of some medicines.
Also called water pills, diuretics remove salt and water from your body when you pee. If you have high blood pressure or heart problems, your doctor may suggest you take them because they cut the amount of fluid in your blood vessels. This eases the pressure on the walls of your blood vessels.
Doctors also prescribe diuretics if you have:
There are three types of diuretics: thiazide, loop, and potassium-sparing. Some examples are:
- Chlorothiazide (Diuril)
- Eplerenone (Inspra)
- Furosemide (Lasix)
- Torsemide (Demadex)
- Triamterene (Dyrenium)
When you follow directions carefully, laxatives won't remove too much water from your body. But if you take more than prescribed, or take them for a long time, they can cause dehydration.
Over-the-counter brands include:
Just one episode might not be a problem, but if you vomit or have diarrhea for hours at a time -- or a few days in a row -- you can get dehydrated.