Bell peppers
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Bell Peppers Are Fruits

Surprised? Scientists define fruit as the part of a plant that develops from a flower and has seeds. So that means bell peppers -- along with squash, cucumbers, and pumpkins -- are fruits. It's up to you whether or not to include any of those items in your next fruit salad.

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Bananas and kiwi
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Bananas Are Berries

A true berry is a fruit that develops from a single flower and a single ovary. The ovary is the female part of a flower. That means grapes, kiwis, and even bananas are berries. Think about that the next time you peel into a banana.

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Steamed Broccoli
3 / 11

It May Be Best to Steam Broccoli

If you're trying to cut your cholesterol, steam your broccoli -- that helps it lower your levels more. Raw broccoli has cancer-fighting compounds, though. In a part-by-part breakdown, the florets have a few more nutrients than the stalks. And the leaves, which most people throw out, have some nutrients not found in either the stem or the florets.

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Sliced Avocado
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Avocados Are Fruits

Avocados have seeds, so that makes them fruits. They have a lot of fat, but it’s the good kind that lowers cholesterol. The creamy fruit also helps your body absorb nutrients in other produce, like tomatoes. So toss some diced tomatoes into your next batch of guacamole.

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White potatoes
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Potatoes Top Bananas in Potassium

We need potassium to help strengthen our muscles and control our blood pressure. Bananas are high in it, but they aren't the best source. Why not try a spud instead? Potatoes have more potassium. They don't have any fat and are a good source of vitamins and iron, too.

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Tomatoes
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Tomatoes Are Fruits and Veggies

Tomatoes are fruits. But, according to law, they're vegetables. Here's the juicy backstory: In the 1800s, New York’s port taxed veggies, but not fruits. An importer wanting to cut costs went to court saying his tomatoes were fruits. The case went all the way to the Supreme Court, which ruled that, in “common language,” produce often served with meats or fish is a vegetable. So, the man had to pay tomato tax.

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Figs
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Figs Match Milk in Calcium

Trying to get more calcium? Instead of pouring another glass of milk, you could reach for the fruit bowl. Figs are high in calcium. A cup of dried ones has as much calcium as the same amount of milk. And unlike the cool drink, figs are also a great source of fiber. But don’t overdo it. They pack a lot of sugar and calories .

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Blackberries
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Blackberries Aren’t Really Berries

Don't let their names fool you. In the plant world, blackberries, raspberries, and even strawberries aren't berries at all, but clumps of tiny individual fruits that grew together. Even by other names, they'd still taste as sweet, though.

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Sliced kiwi
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Kiwis Beat Oranges in Vitamin C

Ounce for ounce, kiwis pack the biggest nutritional punch of any fruit in your produce aisle. They have twice the vitamin C of an orange, and they’re another high-potassium, low-salt alternative to bananas. They’re packed with other vitamins, minerals, and heart-healthy nutrients, too.

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Mixed apples
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Apples Are Cousins of Roses

Apples are a good source of fiber and vitamin C. As you take a bite of one, do you notice a sweet smell? Apples, pears, cherries, and plums are just some of the fruits that come from the same family tree as the rose. Try using dried apple slices to make a sweet-smelling potpourri.

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Baby carrots
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Tiny Carrots Aren’t Really 'Babies'

Those cute little bagged carrots in the grocery store aren’t baby veggies. They’re cut from full-grown varieties that are sweeter and thinner than traditional carrots. When they turn a bit white, they’re just drying out. But if they’re slimy, it’s time to throw them out. Aside from being convenient, they're vitamin-rich like full-size varieties.

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Sources | Medically Reviewed on 09/14/2016 Reviewed by Kathleen M. Zelman, MPH, RD, LD on September 14, 2016

IMAGES PROVIDED BY:

Thinkstock

SOURCES:

American Cancer Society: “Broccoli.”

California Kiwi: “Did You Know?”

Calorie Count: “Are regular carrots healthier than baby carrots?”

Columbia Health, Go Ask Alice: “Avocados are fatty—Are they healthy?”

Forest Preserve District of Cook County (IL) Nature Bulletin: “Apples and other fruits of the rose family.”

Fulgoni, V. Nutrition Journal, December 2013

George Mateljan Foundation: “Avocados/What's new and beneficial about avocados?” “Broccoli,” “Figs,” “Which has more nutrients –The stems or florets of broccoli?”

Iowa State University Extension and Outreach: “Baby Cut Carrots: Healthy or Harmful?”

Jiang, J. National Public Radio, Dec. 26, 2013.

John Burroughs Science Department: "The Aggregate Fruits.”

Kopec, R. Dissertation, Graduate Program in Ohio State University Nutrition Program, 2012.

Mayo Clinic, Nutrition-wise: “Fruit or vegetable—Do you know the difference?”

New World Encyclopedia: “Berry.”

Nix v. Hedden, U. S. Supreme Court, 1893.

Washington State Potatoes: “Nutrition.”

Sheboygan Area School District, Food Services: “Bell Peppers.”

Stanford Alumni Magazine: "Bananas Are Berries?”

UCSF Medical Center: “Calcium content of food.”

University of Maryland Medical Center: “Potassium.”

University of Illinois Extension: “Apples and More.”

World Carrot Museum: “Baby Carrots: The Origin and Evolution of Baby Carrots.”

Reviewed by Kathleen M. Zelman, MPH, RD, LD on September 14, 2016

This tool does not provide medical advice. See additional information.