STDs, Women, and Infertility

Medically Reviewed by Poonam Sachdev on April 21, 2022
1 min read

Sexually transmitted diseases, namely, gonorrhea and chlamydia, may be associated with pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and can cause damage to a woman’s fallopian tubes. PID is an infection and resulting inflammation that involves the internal reproductive organs. It could result in infertility, serious illness and death. Your health care provider can detect PID with a pelvic exam and tests for sexually transmitted diseases.

If you have infertility and don’t recall ever having PID, your doctor may be able to see scarring or blockage of the tubes during an X-ray procedure called a hysterosalpingogram or during a diagnostic surgical procedure called a laparoscopy.