serena williams playing tennis
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Serena Williams

After an intense headache cost tennis star Serena Williams a tournament match, she learned her pain was related to her menstrual cycle. "I'd never heard of [menstrual migraine headaches] before," she says. "All this time, I thought it was a regular migraine."  About 60% of women with migraine heaches say it gets worse during their periods, and hormones may be to blame. Your doctor may suggest medicines to even out your hormone levels.

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ben affleck with bow tie
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Ben Affleck

Mostly women get migraine headaches, but about 6% of men get them too. Actor and director Ben Affleck is among those who have been slowed down by migraine pain. While directing Gone, Baby, Gone in 2006, he had a migraine so bad it sent him to the hospital. "I just kept on going and going and hardly slept," Affleck says. A regular sleep schedule helps prevent migraines. Go to bed and get up at the same time every day, even on weekends.

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lisa kudrow smiling
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Lisa Kudrow

Childhood trips to Disneyland usually bring on smiles. For actress Lisa Kudrow, "A day of excitement and eating would always end in a horrible headache," she says. Kudrow's father and siblings were also familiar with migraine pain. Migraine is a condition that runs in families. Children have a 50%-75% chance of having migraine headaches if their parents do. Knowing your family history of migraine headaches may help your doctor know how to treat you.

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marcia cross smiling
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Marcia Cross

Actress Marcia Cross seemed unstoppable as perfectionist Bree Van de Kamp on the TV show Desperate Housewives. Off camera, she struggles with migraine headaches. "Having a migraine and trying to work was impossible for me," she says. "I became nauseous and my vision was affected." Cross has been a spokeswoman for a triptan migraine medicine. Triptans reduce migraine pain and nausea by narrowing blood vessels.

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janet jackson in concert
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Janet Jackson

In 2008, singer Janet Jackson canceled a string of concerts after suffering from vestibular migraine headaches. This type of migraine gives you vertigo -- a feeling like the room is spinning. Bright lights and loud sounds may also bother you. About 30% of people with migraine headaches also feel dizziness or vertigo. Vestibular migraine headaches are treated like other migraines, with medicines and by avoiding headache triggers.

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krisitin chenoweth at the glaad awards
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Kristin Chenoweth

Actress and singer Kristin Chenoweth nursed a migraine after winning an Emmy in 2009. Then her doctor suggested Botox. "I haven't had a full-blown headache since," she says. Botox is approved for people who have 15 or more migraine headaches a month, but it may not completely cure you. Studies suggest that Botox offers only modest headache relief.

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carly simon in concert
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Carly Simon

When Grammy winner Carly Simon crooned, "I haven't got time for the pain," she wasn't referring to migraine headaches. But she could have been. Simon has made a lot of lifestyle changes to prevent headaches. "I don't smoke, I sleep for eight hours, and coffee is not a part of my life," Simon says. She also avoids alcohol, a common trigger for some people. Red wine, in particular, seems to set off migraine headaches.

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Cindy McCain

Cindy McCain has described her migraine pain as torture.  "It feels like someone swung an axe and hit me in the forehead," she says of one of her headaches. The attacks were especially bad during her husband Sen. John McCain's presidential campaign in 2008. The bright lights from cameras often triggered headaches. "Sunglasses are a migraine sufferer's best friend," Cindy McCain says.

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Troy Aikman

Hall of Fame quarterback Troy Aikman started having headaches when he was a boy. "When you make a living getting hit, almost everyone has a headache, so it's not something that's much talked about," Aikman says. Constant travel and missed sleep made them worse. Migraine triggers vary among people, but travel can disrupt your regular routine and lead to headaches. Even weather changes and motion sickness can trigger them.

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smiling elle macpherson
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Elle Macpherson

To fend off migraine headaches while working under bright lights, model Elle Macpherson prefers an overall health approach. "I have acupuncture regularly," she says. 2017 study publish in JAMA showed that acupuncture “significantly reduced” the frequency of attacks for those suffering from migraines without auras. Acupuncture may improve mood and sleep and reduce triggers like anxiety.

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terrell davis giving interview
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Terrell Davis

Head pain sidelined former Denver Bronco Terrell Davis during the 1998 Super Bowl. "I was seeing double and triple," he says. After taking medicine, Davis scored a touchdown and was named the game's MVP. When he first started having migraine headaches, Davis didn't tell anyone. "I thought people would think I was crazy," he says. Now, he avoids foods that may trigger migraines, like chocolate, caffeine, and the food additive MSG.

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Kareem Abdul-Jabbar

Basketball legend Kareem Abdul-Jabbar blames stress for his recurring head pain. Stress can cause muscles in the neck and scalp to contract, leading to tension-type and migraine headaches. Since his first migraine at age 14, Abdul-Jabbar has used a variety of stress relievers, including yoga, acupuncture, massage, and biofeedback. "You can't eliminate stress, but what I've finally been able to do is learn how to manage it," he says.

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Michele Bachmann

Congresswoman Michele Bachmann addressed her migraine headaches while she was on the presidential campaign trail in 2011. She said the headaches were "easily manageable with medication," and that they don't keep her from doing her job. Many people with migraine headaches eventually get one on the job. It's important to follow your doctor's advice to help prevent and treat your migraine headaches.

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Susan Olsen

You may remember Susan Olsen as pigtailed Cindy Brady on "The Brady Bunch." Since her "Brady" days, she's spoken publicly about her migraine headaches. "When I suffered my first migraine [at age 11], my doctor kissed me on the forehead and told me I was too conscientious," recalls Olsen. She takes triptans to keep her headaches in check. As many as 10% of children 15 and under have been affected by migraine headaches. More than half will continue to have them as adults too.

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Sources | Medically Reviewed on 8/9/2017 1 Reviewed by Stephen D. Silberstein, MD on August 09, 2017

IMAGES PROVIDED BY:

1)    Debra L Rothenberg/Wire Image
2)    Pascal Le Segretain/Getty
3)    JB Lacroix
4)    Jamie McCarthy
5)    Ryan Pierse
6)    Jason Merritt
7)    Joe Kohen/Wire Image
8)    Jason Merritt
9)    Bob Levey/Getty Images Sports
10)    Chris Polk/FilmMagic
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12)    Stephen Dunn/Getty Images Sport
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14)    Time&Life Pictures
 

Sources:

ABC News
Acufinder.com
CBS News
Cleveland Clinic
Daily Beast
Merle Diamond, MD, president and managing director, Diamond Headache Clinic, Chicago
Audrey Halpern, MD, director, Manhattan Center for Headache and Neurology, New York City
Johns Hopkins Medicine
Huffington Post
Internet Movie Database
Journal of American Medical Association
LifeScript
Linde K., et al. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2009, Issue 1
Medline Plus
National Center for Biotechnology Information
National Headache Foundation
Neurology Now
Nurse Week
People
Philadelphia Inquirer
Paul Rizzoli, MD, neurologist, John R. Graham Headache Center, Faulkner Hospital, Boston; co-author, The Migraine Solution
Stanford Headache Clinic
Third Age
Washington Post
 

Reviewed by Stephen D. Silberstein, MD on August 09, 2017

This tool does not provide medical advice. See additional information.

THIS TOOL DOES NOT PROVIDE MEDICAL ADVICE. It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site. If you think you may have a medical emergency, immediately call your doctor or dial 911.