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Is there a cure for neuromyelitis optica?

ANSWER

Neuromyelitis optica doesn’t have a cure but the drugs soliris (Eculizumab) and uplizna (Inebilizumab-Cdon) have been approved for treatment. They work by targeting the defective antibodies that attack the healthy cells in your body, triggering NMO. Your doctor may give you a corticosteroid shot to help with swelling. He may also try plasma exchange (PLEX), a treatment that removes some of your plasma and replaces it with a man-made version.

SOURCES:

National Multiple Sclerosis Society: “What is Myelin?” “Balo’s Disease,” “HTLV-I Associated Myelopathy (HAM),” “Neuromyelitis Optica (NMO),” “Schilder’s Disease,” “Transverse Myelitis.”

Love, S. Journal of Clinical Pathology, 2006.

Neuropathology: “Demyelinative Diseases.”

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke: “Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis,” “Tropical Spastic Paraparesis,” “Neuromyelitis Optica,” “Schilder’s Disease,” “Transverse Myelitis.”

Reviewed by Christopher Melinosky on August 9, 2020

SOURCES:

National Multiple Sclerosis Society: “What is Myelin?” “Balo’s Disease,” “HTLV-I Associated Myelopathy (HAM),” “Neuromyelitis Optica (NMO),” “Schilder’s Disease,” “Transverse Myelitis.”

Love, S. Journal of Clinical Pathology, 2006.

Neuropathology: “Demyelinative Diseases.”

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke: “Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis,” “Tropical Spastic Paraparesis,” “Neuromyelitis Optica,” “Schilder’s Disease,” “Transverse Myelitis.”

Reviewed by Christopher Melinosky on August 9, 2020

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What immunosuppressant medications are used to treat neuromyelitis optica?

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