Health supplements are made from the black currant plant using its:
- Seed oil
Black currant contains:
- Anthocyanidin, a type of pigment
- Gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), an omega-6 fatty acid
- Alpha-linolenic acid (an omega-3 fatty acid) and other omega-6 fats
Some researchers believe these may help the immune system and lessen inflammation.
Why do people take black currant?
Although more study is needed, limited research suggests that black currant might help:
- Lower total cholesterol, lower triglyceride levels, and increase HDL "good" cholesterol
- Lessen muscle fatigue after repetitive tasks
- Help relieve symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis such as joint pain, stiffness, and tenderness; this may lessen the need for nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and may improve function.
- Improve poor circulation from conditions such as peripheral artery disease (PAD)
- Treat open angle glaucoma
Some women take black currant seed oil, or other sources of gamma-linolenic acid, to try to treat symptoms of:
People also take black currant to try to boost immunity or to try to treat a wide range of problems that include:
There is not enough evidence to prove that black currant helps with menstruation-related symptoms or these other health conditions.
Optimal doses of black currant have not been set for any condition. Quality and active ingredients in supplements may vary widely from maker to maker. This makes it hard to set a standard dose.
Can you get black currant naturally from foods?
You can eat the berry of the black currant plant. The berry is also used as a flavoring in liqueurs and other products.
What are the risks of taking black currant?
The juice, leaves, and flowers of black currant are safe when eaten in food products. Black currant is also considered safe if you use the berry or seed oil appropriately as medicine. More information is needed to know whether its dried leaf is safe.
Side effects. The GLA in black currant seeds can sometimes cause side effects, such as:
But most people tend to have few problems with GLA. Allergy is a rare complication.
Also, stop taking black currant at least two weeks before surgery in order to:
- Reduce the risk of bleeding
- Avoid interactions with anesthesia
- Panax ginseng
Also be careful about combining black currant with drugs that can slow blood clotting, such as:
- Ticagrelor (Brilinta)
- Prasugrel (Effient)
- Apixaban (Eliquis)
- Clopidogrel (Plavix)
- Dabigatran (Pradaxa)
- Rivaroxaban (Xarelto)
Also, avoid combining black currant with antipsychotic drugs called phenothiazines. In some people, this combination may raise the risk of seizure.
Be sure to tell your doctor about any supplements you're taking, even if they're natural. That way, your doctor can check on any potential side effects or interactions with medications or foods. They can let you know if the supplement might raise your risks.
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) does regulate dietary supplements; however, it treats them like foods rather than medications. Unlike drug manufacturers, the makers of supplements don’t have to show their products are safe or effective before selling them on the market.