CHOKEBERRY Overview Information
Chokeberry is a fruit that's commonly eaten as a food in Russia and parts of Eastern Europe.
People use chokeberry for heart disease, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and other conditions, but there's no good scientific evidence to support these uses.
How does it work?
Chokeberry contains antioxidants and other chemicals. These chemicals might help to protect the heart and blood vessels, reduce swelling and blood sugar levels, and kill cancer cells.
Possibly Ineffective for:
- Heart disease. Most research shows that taking chokeberry doesn't lower blood pressure, cholesterol levels, or blood sugar levels in people at risk for heart disease.
- High cholesterol. Early research shows that drinking chokeberry juice daily might lower cholesterol levels by a small amount in people with high cholesterol.
- High blood pressure. Some early research shows that drinking chokeberry juice might lower blood pressure by a small amount in people with high blood pressure. But not all research agrees. All studies to date have been short-term. Higher-quality, long-term research is needed.
- A grouping of symptoms that increase the risk of diabetes, heart disease, and stroke (metabolic syndrome). Early research shows that taking a specific chokeberry extract or drinking a juice containing chokeberry extract might lower blood pressure and cholesterol levels in people with metabolic syndrome.
- Obesity. Early research shows that drinking chokeberry juice enriched with glucomannan fiber lowers body weight and blood pressure by a small amount in people who are obese. The people in this study were not dieting and exercising. So, it's unclear how chokeberry juice compared to dieting or exercise.
- Infections of the kidney, bladder, or urethra (urinary tract infections or UTIs). Early research in elderly adults living in nursing homes shows that drinking chokeberry juice daily does not decrease the risk of having a bladder infection.
- An eye disease that leads to vision loss in older adults (age-related macular degeneration or AMD).
- Breast cancer.
- Cadmium toxicity.
- Common cold.
- Conditions in a man that prevent him from getting a woman pregnant within a year of trying to conceive (male infertility).
- Infants with birth weight below the 10th percentile due to inadequate nutrition.
- Rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
- Other conditions.
CHOKEBERRY Side Effects & Safety
When taken by mouth Drinking chokeberry juice or taking chokeberry extract as medicine is POSSIBLY SAFE for most adults. Side effects from chokeberry juice are rare but may include constipation or diarrhea.
Special Precautions & Warnings:Pregnancy and breast-feeding: There isn't enough reliable information to know if chokeberry is safe to use when pregnant or breast-feeding. Stay on the safe side and avoid use.
Diabetes: Chokeberry might lower blood sugar. Watch for signs of low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) and monitor your blood sugar carefully if you have diabetes and use chokeberry.
The appropriate dose of chokeberry depends on several factors such as the user's age, health, and several other conditions. At this time there is not enough scientific information to determine an appropriate range of doses for chokeberry. Keep in mind that natural products are not always necessarily safe and dosages can be important. Be sure to follow relevant directions on product labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare professional before using.