CALEA ZACATECHICHI

OTHER NAME(S):

Ahuapatli, Amula, Aschenbornia heteropoda, Atanasia Amarga, Aztec Dream Grass, Bejuco Chismuyo, Betonica, Bitter Gum, Bitter Grass, Bitter Plant, Bitter Plant of the Mountains, Calea nelsonii, Calea rugosa, Calea ternifolia, Calea zacatechichi Schlechtendal, Calydermos rugosus, Chapote, Chichicxihuitl (Nahuatl) , Cochitzapotl, Dog Grass, Dove's Plant, Dream Herb, Falso Simonillo, Hierba Amarga, Hoja Madre, Iztactzapotl, Jaral, Jaralillo, Juralillo, Leaf of God, Leaf of the Mother, Mala Hierba, Matasano, Mexican Calea, Oaxaquena, Paiston, Poop Taam Ujts, Prodigiosa, Pux Lat'em, Raccoon's Trachea, Sacachcichic, Sacachichic, Sacatechichi, Simonillo, Tam Huni, Techichic, Tepetlachichixihuitl, The One From Oaxaca, Thle-Pelacano, Thle-Pela-Kano (Chontal), Tsuleek'ethem, Tzicinil, Tzikin, XikinKe, Xtsikinil, X-Tzicinil, White Bitter Herb, Yerba Amarga, Yerbaamarga, Zacachichi, Zacachichic, Zacate Amargo, Zacatechi, Zacatechichi, Zacate de Perro.<br/><br/>

Overview

Overview Information

Calea zacatechichi is a medium sized shrub that is known to be a hallucinogen and to increase dreams. Because of this, it is often referred to as the "dream herb". It also is called "bitter grass" because the plant material of Calea zacatechichi has an intense bitter taste.

Calea zacatechichi has been used in folk remedies for thousands of years as an appetite stimulant, cleansing agent, calming agent, laxative, and for treatment of diarrhea, dysentery, fever, skin rashes, swollen scalps, "cold stomach", and headache.

Some people use Calea zacatechichi to induce psychic dreams, help remember dreams, and to increase dreaming. In addition, Calea zacatechichi has also been studied for mental enhancement and sleep.

Calea zacatechichi dried leaves and stems have been smoked, applied topically, placed under the pillow, made into a tea, and ingested as capsules.

How does it work?

It is unclear how Calea zacatechichi works in the body. Calea zacatechichi may reduce inflammation by inhibiting inflammatory chemicals made by the body.

Calea zacatechichi seems to have an effect on sleep that may cause lengthening of shallow sleep patterns, increased dream remembrance, and increased sleep awakenings throughout the night.

Uses

Uses & Effectiveness?

Insufficient Evidence for

  • Mental enhancement. Taking Calea zacatechichi might improve reaction and lapse time.
  • Sleep. Early research suggests that Calea zacatechichi may increase the number of awakenings throughout the night, lengthen shallow rapid eye movement (REM) sleep, and help people to remember dreams.
  • Anxiety.
  • Appetite stimulant.
  • Arthritis.
  • Asthma.
  • Diabetes.
  • Cleansing.
  • Constipation.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Dysentery.
  • Fever.
  • Digestion disorders.
  • Headache.
  • Inflammation.
  • Joint problems.
  • Malaria.
  • Menstrual problems.
  • Pain with breathing.
  • Stimulant.
  • Swelling.
More evidence is needed to rate the effectiveness of Calea zacatechichi for these uses.

Side Effects

Side Effects & Safety

Calea zacatechichi is POSSIBLY UNSAFE when taken by mouth or inhaled. The safety of Calea zacatechichi has not been evaluated in clinical trials; however, there have been reports of hallucinations as well as additional adverse effects of nausea and vomiting.

Special Precautions & Warnings:

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Not enough is known about the use of Calea zacatechichi during pregnancy and breast-feeding. Stay on the safe side and avoid use.

Alcohol/sedative use: Calea zacatechichi may slow down the central nervous system. Use caution in patients taking sedatives or CNS depressants (including alcohol).

Allergies to ragweed or related plants: Calea zacatechichi may cause an allergic reaction in people who are sensitive to the Asteraceae/Compositae family of plants. Members of this family include ragweed, chrysanthemums, marigolds, daisies, and many other herbs.

Breathing disorders: Calea zacatechichi may affect your rate of breathing. If you have a breathing disorders, such as asthma and COPD, you should use cautiously or avoid Calea zacatechichi.

Diabetes: Calea zacatechichi may lower bloodsugar levels. People with diabetes should use with caution, and watch for signs of low blood sugar (hypoglycemia).

Cardiovascular disorders: Calea zacatechichi may decrease blood pressure. People with heart conditions or using blood pressuremedications should use caution.

Psychiatric disorders: Avoid use if you have psychiatric disorders or you are taking psychiatric medications. Calea zacatechichi may cause vivid imagery, disorienting effects, and hallucinations.

Stomach disorders: When smoked or consumed in a tea, Calea zacatechichi may cause nausea, vomiting, and retching.

Interactions

Interactions?

We currently have no information for CALEA ZACATECHICHI Interactions.

Dosing

Dosing

The appropriate dose of Calea zacatechichi depends on several factors such as the user's age, health, and several other conditions. At this time there is not enough scientific information to determine an appropriate range of doses for Calea zacatechichi. Keep in mind that natural products are not always necessarily safe and dosages can be important. Be sure to follow relevant directions on product labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare professional before using.

View References

REFERENCES:

  • Bork, P. M., Schmitz, M. L., Kuhnt, M., Escher, C., and Heinrich, M. Sesquiterpene lactone containing Mexican Indian medicinal plants and pure sesquiterpene lactones as potent inhibitors of transcription factor NF-kappaB. FEBS Lett. 1-27-1997;402:85-90. View abstract.
  • Carlsen SM, Folling I, Grill V, et al. Metformin increases total homocysteine levels in non-diabetic male patients with coronary heart disease. Scand J Clin Lab Invest 1997;57:521-7. View abstract.
  • Mayagoitia, L., Diaz, J. L., Contreras, C. M. Psychopharmacologic analysis of an alleged oneirogenic plant: Calea zacatechichi. J Ethnopharmacol. 1986;18:229-243. View abstract.
  • Roman, Ramos R., Alarcon-Aguilar, F., Lara-Lemus, A., and Flores-Saenz, J. L. Hypoglycemic effect of plants used in Mexico as antidiabetics. Arch.Med.Res 1992;23:59-64. View abstract.
  • Simonienko, K., Waszkiewicz, N., Szulc, A. [Psychoactive plant species--actual list of plants prohibited in Poland]. Psychiatr.Pol. 2013;47:499-510. View abstract.
  • U.S. Food and Drug Administration. (Updated: May 2008). FDA Poisonous Plant Database. Retrieved from http://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/plantox/.
  • Venegas-Flores, H., Segura-Cobos, D., Vazquez-Cruz, B. Antiinflammatory activity of the aqueous extract of Calea zacatechichi. Proc.West Pharmacol.Soc. 2002;45:110-111. View abstract.
  • Wu, H., Fronczek, F. R., Burandt, C. L., Jr., Zjawiony, J. K. Antileishmanial Germacranolides from Calea zacatechichi. Planta Med. 2011;77:749-53. View abstract.
  • Bork, P. M., Schmitz, M. L., Kuhnt, M., Escher, C., and Heinrich, M. Sesquiterpene lactone containing Mexican Indian medicinal plants and pure sesquiterpene lactones as potent inhibitors of transcription factor NF-kappaB. FEBS Lett. 1-27-1997;402:85-90. View abstract.
  • Carlsen SM, Folling I, Grill V, et al. Metformin increases total homocysteine levels in non-diabetic male patients with coronary heart disease. Scand J Clin Lab Invest 1997;57:521-7. View abstract.
  • Mayagoitia, L., Diaz, J. L., Contreras, C. M. Psychopharmacologic analysis of an alleged oneirogenic plant: Calea zacatechichi. J Ethnopharmacol. 1986;18:229-243. View abstract.
  • Roman, Ramos R., Alarcon-Aguilar, F., Lara-Lemus, A., and Flores-Saenz, J. L. Hypoglycemic effect of plants used in Mexico as antidiabetics. Arch.Med.Res 1992;23:59-64. View abstract.
  • Simonienko, K., Waszkiewicz, N., Szulc, A. [Psychoactive plant species--actual list of plants prohibited in Poland]. Psychiatr.Pol. 2013;47:499-510. View abstract.
  • U.S. Food and Drug Administration. (Updated: May 2008). FDA Poisonous Plant Database. Retrieved from http://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/plantox/.
  • Venegas-Flores, H., Segura-Cobos, D., Vazquez-Cruz, B. Antiinflammatory activity of the aqueous extract of Calea zacatechichi. Proc.West Pharmacol.Soc. 2002;45:110-111. View abstract.
  • Wu, H., Fronczek, F. R., Burandt, C. L., Jr., Zjawiony, J. K. Antileishmanial Germacranolides from Calea zacatechichi. Planta Med. 2011;77:749-53. View abstract.

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CONDITIONS OF USE AND IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This information is meant to supplement, not replace advice from your doctor or healthcare provider and is not meant to cover all possible uses, precautions, interactions or adverse effects. This information may not fit your specific health circumstances. Never delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice from your doctor or other qualified health care provider because of something you have read on WebMD. You should always speak with your doctor or health care professional before you start, stop, or change any prescribed part of your health care plan or treatment and to determine what course of therapy is right for you.

This copyrighted material is provided by Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Consumer Version. Information from this source is evidence-based and objective, and without commercial influence. For professional medical information on natural medicines, see Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Professional Version.
© Therapeutic Research Faculty 2018.