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University of Columbia: Go Ask Alice. "Foods that minimize menstrual cramps?"
FDA: "Sodium in Your Diet: Using the Nutrition Facts Label to Reduce Your Intake."
Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine: "Using Foods Against Menstrual Pain."
UC Davis, Student Health and Counseling Services (SHCS): "Dysmenorrhea."
Center for Young Women's Health. "Menstrual cramps."
Blakey, H. BJOC, published online May 14, 2009.
Institute for Integrative Healthcare: "How You Can Help Treat Menstrual Pain."
Ou, M.C. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research, May 2012.
Lawrewnce, A. Preventive Medicine Clinics of the Desert: "Alternative Treatments of Dysmenorrhea."
Dennehy, C.E. Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health, Nov-Dec 2006.
Arthritis Foundation: "Turmeric."
National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health: "Evening Primrose Oil."
University of Maryland Medical Center: "Menstrual pain."
Chung, Y. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, published online March 19, 2012.
Modern Reflexology: "Top 9 Acupressure Points to Treat Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)."
Azima, S. Journal of Pediatric & Adolescent Gynecology, published online March 4, 2015.
Iyengar Yoga National Association of the United States: "Menstruation sequence at RIMYI."
Yoga Journal: "Menstruation + Inversion Confusion."
National Sleep Foundation: "Six Sleep Problems That Occur During Your Period (And What To Do To Make Them Go Away)."
NHS Choices: "Painful periods (dysmenorrhoea)."
Reviewed by Traci C. Johnson, MD on July 13, 2017
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