Risk factors are things that increase your chances of getting a certain condition or disease. Risk factors for pelvic pain that becomes chronic include:
- History of pelvic inflammatory disease.
- History of physical or sexual abuse. About half of women with chronic female pelvic pain report abuse in their past.1
- History of radiation treatment or surgery of the abdomen or pelvis. This includes some surgeries for urinary incontinence.
- History of depression. Pain and depression seem to be related.
- Alcohol or drug abuse.
- Something abnormal in the structure of the female organs.
- Pregnancy and childbirth that put stress on the back and pelvis, such as delivery of a large baby, a difficult delivery, or a forceps or vacuum delivery.