Atomoxetine (Strattera) is OK for children, teens, and adults. It seems to boost the amount of an important brain chemical called norepinephrine. This appears to increase a person's attention span and lessen their impulsive behavior and hyperactivity.
Clonidine ER (Kapvay) and Guanfacine ER (Intuniv) are approved for children ages 6 to 17. Doctors also prescribe them to adults. These two drugs have an effect on certain areas in the brain. Studies show they lower distractibility and improve attention, working memory, and impulse control.
Advantages of Nonstimulants Over Stimulants
Nonstimulants don’t tend to cause agitation, sleeplessness, or lack of appetite. They also don’t pose the same risk of abuse or addiction.
Plus, they have a longer-lasting and smoother effect than many stimulants, which can take effect and wear off abruptly.