Pregnancy-Related Problems - Home Treatment
Using medicine to help relieve discomfort or fever
You may also have other common problems, like a cold, mild
headache, backache, mild fever, or the flu, while you are pregnant that are not
caused by your pregnancy. These minor symptoms generally do not cause problems
or hurt your baby. In general, doctors say it is usually safe to take acetaminophen (Tylenol) for fever and pain.
Acetaminophen dosage: The usual dose is 650 mg. Take every 4 hours, as needed, up to 4 times in a 24-hour period. Do not take more than 3,000 mg in a 24-hour period.
Be sure to follow these nonprescription medicine precautions.
- Use, but do not exceed, the maximum recommended
- Carefully read and follow all labels on the medicine bottle
- Do not use other nonprescription medicines, such as
nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), until
you have talked with your doctor.
Check with your doctor before you take any other types of medicines.
Heartburn and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
Most pregnant women have symptoms of
gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), especially
heartburn, at some time during pregnancy. These symptoms are common but do not
usually cause problems or hurt your baby. Most of the time symptoms of
heartburn get better once the baby is born.
You can make changes
to your lifestyle to help relieve your symptoms of GERD. Here are some things
- Change your eating habits.
- It's best to eat several small meals
instead of two or three large meals.
- After you eat, wait 2 to 3
hours before you lie down. Late-night snacks aren't a good
- Chocolate and mint can make GERD worse. They relax the valve
between the esophagus and the stomach.
- Spicy foods, foods that
have a lot of acid (like tomatoes and oranges), and coffee can make GERD
symptoms worse in some people. If your symptoms are worse after you eat a
certain food, you may want to stop eating that food to see if your symptoms get
- Do not smoke or chew tobacco.
- If you
have GERD symptoms at night, raise the head of your bed
6 in. (15 cm) to
8 in. (20 cm) by putting the
frame on blocks or placing a foam wedge under the head of your mattress.
(Adding extra pillows does not work.)
nonprescription antacids for heartburn symptoms. Do
not use antacids that have sodium bicarbonate (such as baking soda) during
pregnancy because they can cause fluid buildup. It is okay to use antacids that
have calcium carbonate (such as Tums).
Constipation and hemorrhoids
Constipation and hemorrhoids are common during pregnancy. To prevent or ease these
- Eat a high-fiber diet with lots of fruits,
vegetables, and whole grains.
- Drink plenty of fluids, especially
- Talk to your doctor about trying a stool softener.
- Do not
strain (push hard) during a bowel movement.
- Get more exercise every