Has someone told you that eating too much sugar causes diabetes? Or that you’ll have to give up all your favorite foods when you’re on a diabetes diet? Not true! There are plenty of myths about diabetes and food. We'll separate facts from fiction about diabetes here.
Expert Rita Rastogi Kalyani, MD, MHS, is an assistant professor at Johns Hopkins School of Medicine.
Q: What is prediabetes, and how can I stop it from becoming full-blown diabetes?
A: Prediabetes means your blood sugar (glucose) level is above normal, but not high enough to be considered diabetes. The higher level means your body is starting to have trouble using the hormone insulin, which normally moves glucose from the blood into your body's cells. Without insulin working properly, glucose...
Simply eating too much sugar is unlikely to cause diabetes. Instead, diabetes begins when something disrupts your body's ability to turn the food you eat into energy.
To understand what happens when you have diabetes, keep these things in mind: Your body breaks down much of the food you eat into glucose, a type of sugar needed to power your cells. The pancreas makes a hormone called insulin, which helps the cells in the body use glucose for fuel.
Type 2 diabetes happens when the pancreas does not make enough insulin, the insulin does not work properly, or both. Being overweight makes type 2 diabetes more likely. It can happen in a person of any age.
Gestational diabetes occurs during pregnancy in some women. Hormone changes during pregnancy prevent insulin from working properly. Women with gestational diabetes usually need to take insulin. The condition may disappear after the child is born.
Myth 2: There Are Too Many Rules in a Diabetes Diet.
If you have diabetes, you will need to plan your meals. But the general principle is simple: Choose foods that will work along with your activities and any medications to keep your blood sugar levels as close to normal as possible.
Will you need to make adjustments to what you now eat? Probably. But your new diet may not require as many changes as you think.