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Diabetes and Cholesterol Tests

How Is Cholesterol Tested?

Your doctor will recommend one of two tests:

Your doctor may start with a non-fasting test and then recommend a lipid profile, based on your results.

Doctors recommend your cholesterol stay below 200 and triglycerides below 150. Here's the breakdown:

Total Cholesterol


Less than 200



Borderline High

240 and above


Lifestyle Changes Can Lower Cholesterol

To lower your cholesterol and triglycerides -- and lower your risk of heart disease -- you should:

Eat low-cholesterol foods. The American Heart Association recommends you get less than 300 milligrams of cholesterol a day -- just 200 milligrams if you have heart disease.

Avoid saturated fat. Substitute monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats, such as those found in canola oil, olive oil, or liquid margarine, for saturated fats.

Quit smoking. Smoking lowers HDL (good) cholesterol levels. When you stop, they go back up.

Lose extra weight. Being overweight or obese leads to higher triglycerides. Shedding pounds can reverse those numbers.

Exercise. Good cholesterol is typically low in people who aren't active. Physical activity can help bring it up. Plus, getting just half an hour of exercise every day can help control weight, diabetes, and high blood pressure -- all risk factors for heart disease.

Medications to Manage Cholesterol

Sometimes making changes to your diet and getting more exercise aren't enough to bring your cholesterol down. You may also need to take a cholesterol-lowering drug. These include:

Remember: These drugs work best when combined with a low-cholesterol diet.

WebMD Medical Reference

Reviewed by Michael Dansinger, MD on August 06, 2014
1 | 2

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If the level is below 70 or you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.

People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.

Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.

However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.

Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.

One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

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