Diabetes can affect your whole body, including your mouth. So you’ll want to take special care of your teeth and gums. It’s also important to manage your blood sugar. Over time, increased levels of blood glucose can put you at risk for oral health problems.
How do you get all the nutrition you need in a day while still being mindful of calories and carbs? The secret is to plan ahead.
Meal planning depends on lots of things, like your taste preferences, medications, and activity level, says Jill Weisenberger, RDN, CDE, author of DiabetesWeight Loss -- Week by Week.
But good general advice to follow is to keep your carbs consistent -- eat the same amount at breakfast, lunch, and dinner to keep blood sugar from spiking or dipping too low. Weisenberger...
Dry mouth, which can lead to soreness, ulcers, infections, and tooth decay.
Inflammation in your gums.
Thrush. People with diabetes who often take antibiotics to fight infections are more likely to get this fungal infection of the mouth and tongue. The fungus thrives on the high levels of sugar in the saliva of people with uncontrolled diabetes. It can give your mouth and tongue a burning feeling.
You can do a lot to avoid these problems, starting with the basics of taking good care of your mouth, teeth, and gums.
National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse: "Prevent diabetes problems: Keep your teeth and gums healthy."
American College of Periodontology: "Mouth Body Connection."
American Dental Association.