Eating less salt can substantially reduce the risk of health problems associated with high blood pressure, which is a risk factor for heart disease and stroke -- a cause of death for more than 2 out of every 3 people with diabetes.
The Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) was a major clinical trial, or research study, aimed at discovering whether either diet and exercise or the oral diabetes drug metformin (Glucophage) could prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes in people with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT).
The answer is yes. In fact, the DPP found that over the three years of the study, diet and exercise sharply reduced the chances that a person with IGT would develop diabetes. Metformin also reduced risk, although...
The USDA's 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommends that people with diabetes, high blood pressure, or chronic kidney disease limit their salt intake to 1,500 mg daily -- or less than a teaspoon. Here are some guidelines to follow to help you keep your salt (sodium) intake down when eating out:
Select fresh fruit or vegetables.
Avoid soups and broths.
Stay away from bread and rolls with salty, buttery crusts.