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Tips on Good Foot Care

1. Take care of your diabetes.

  • Work with your health care team to keep your blood sugar within a good range

2. Check your feet every day.

  • Look at your bare feet every day for cuts, blisters, red spots, and swelling.
  • Use a mirror to check the bottoms of your feet or ask a family member for help if you have trouble seeing.

3. Wash your feet every day.

  • Wash your feet in warm, not hot, water every day.
  • Dry your feet well. Be sure to dry between the toes

4. Keep the skin soft and smooth.

  • Rub a thin coat of skin lotion over the tops and bottoms of your feet, but not between your toes.

5. Smooth corns and calluses gently.

  • Use a pumice stone to smooth corns and calluses.

6. Trim your toenails each week or when needed.

  • Trim your toenails straight across and file the edges with an emery board or nail file.

7. Wear shoes and socks at all times.

  • Never walk barefoot.
  • Wear comfortable shoes that fit well and protect your feet.
  • Feel inside your shoes before putting them on each time to make sure the lining is smooth and there are no objects inside.

8. Protect your feet from hot and cold.

  • Wear shoes at the beach or on hot pavement.
  • Wear socks at night if your feet get cold.

9. Keep the blood flowing to your feet.

  • Put your feet up when sitting.
  • Wiggle your toes and move your ankles up and down for 5 minutes, 2 or 3 times a day.
  • Don't cross your legs for long periods of time.
  • Don't smoke.

10. Be more active.

  • Plan your physical activity program with your doctor.

11. Check with your doctor.

  • Have your doctor check your bare feet and find out whether you are likely to have serious foot problems. Remember that you may not feel the pain of an injury.
  • Call your doctor right away if a cut, sore, blister, or bruise on your foot does not begin to heal after one day.
  • Follow your doctor's advice about foot care.

12. Get started now.

  • Begin taking good care of your feet today.
  • Set a time every day to check your feet.

WebMD Public Information from the U.S. National Institutes of Health

Is This Normal? Get the Facts Fast!

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Low
0-69
Normal
70-130
High
131+

Your level is currently

If the level is below 70 and you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.

People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.

Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.

However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.

Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.

One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

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