Diabetes runs in your family. If you have a parent, brother, or sister with diabetes, your chances of getting it rise. But you can take action -- through everyday lifestyle habits, like exercise and healthy eating -- to lower your odds of following in their footsteps.
You have prediabetes. That means your blood sugar level is above normal but not in the diabetes range. You can stop prediabetes from becoming diabetes by getting more active, losing extra weight, and in some cases, taking the prescription drug metformin.
You're not physically active. It's never too late to change that! Check in with your doctor first, so you know what's safe for you to do.
You're overweight, especially around your waist. Not everyone with type 2 diabetes is overweight, but extra pounds make it more likely. Belly fat seems to be particularly risky.
You've had heart disease.
You have high blood pressure.
Your "good" cholesterol level is low. It's too low if it's less than 35 mg/dL (milligrams per deciliter).
Your triglyceride level is high. It's too high if it's over 250 mg/dL.
You've had diabetes during pregnancy before. That condition (called gestational diabetes) or delivering a baby over 9 pounds can make a woman more likely to get type 2 diabetes.
You're a woman who has PCOS (polycystic ovary syndrome).
You're 45 or older. The chance of getting type 2 diabetes rises with age. But diabetes is not a normal part of aging.
You are Hispanic, African-American, Native American, or Asian American. Diabetes is more common among these groups of people.
Talk with your doctor to get a better sense of your risk for getting type 2 diabetes -- and to make a plan to lower your risk as much as possible.
Every 30 seconds, somewhere in the world, someone loses a lower limb as a
result of diabetes. That's because diabetes and wounds are a dangerous
If you have diabetes, there's no such thing as a minor wound to the foot --
even a small foot sore can turn into an ulcer that, if not properly treated,
can lead to amputation. The rate of amputation for people with diabetes is 10
times higher than for those who don't have the disease.
Most of these amputations could easily be prevented...
American Diabetes Association (ADA): "Type 2 Diabetes."
ADA: "Diabetes Risk Test."
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute: "Framingham Heart Study."
Sullivan, P. Diabetes Care, 2005.
Thorens, B. New EnglandJournal of Medicine, 2006.
Stumvoll, M. Lancet, 2005; 365:1333. Fox, C. Circulation, 2006.
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Your level is currently
If the level is below 70 or you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.
People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.
Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.
However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.
Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.
One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.
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