Do you have health risk factors for type 2 diabetes? The incidence of type 2 diabetes has doubled over the past three decades, according to the Framingham Heart Study. Although some of the causes of type 2 diabetes remain unknown, there are some known key risk factors. These health risk factors can increase your chances of getting this increasingly common type of diabetes.
It is estimated that 70 to 80 million Americans have insulin resistance syndrome -- a risk factor for type 2 diabetes. Once you learn more about insulin resistance, you may want to initiate some of the recommended lifestyle changes that can help decrease your chances of getting this serious problem.
What kind of exercise is safe -- and fun -- if you have nerve damage from diabetes, called diabetic neuropathy? And how can you stay motivated after that first flush of inspiration fades?
"It depends on where you're starting," says Dace L. Trence, MD, an endocrinologist and director of the Diabetes Care Center at the University of Washington Medical Center in Seattle. "For the person who has been doing nothing, you would certainly want to start doing something that's comfortable and enjoyable and...
A person with some or all of the following listed health risk factors may never develop type 2 diabetes. However, the latest medical findings show that the chances of getting type 2 diabetes increase the more health risk factors you have:
A family history of diabetes. If a parent or sibling in your family has diabetes, your risk of developing type 2 diabetes increases.
Age over 45. The chance of getting type 2 diabetes increases with age.
Race or ethnic background. The risk of type 2 diabetes is greater in Hispanics, African-Americans, Native Americans, and Asians.
Being overweight. If you are overweight, defined as a body mass index (BMI) greater than 25, you're at higher risk of type 2 diabetes. Also, fat around the waistline as opposed to fat in the buttocks and legs is a risk factor.
American Diabetes Association (ADA): "Type 2 Diabetes."
ADA: "Diabetes Risk Test."
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute: "Framingham Heart Study."
Sullivan, P. Diabetes Care, 2005.
Thorens, B. New EnglandJournal of Medicine, 2006.
Stumvoll, M. Lancet, 2005; 365:1333. Fox, C. Circulation, 2006.
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