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Treatment for Gestational Diabetes

(continued)

What Are the Treatments for Gestational Diabetes? continued...

To make sure the dietary adjustments and/or exercise are controlling blood sugar levels, your blood may be tested regularly, before meals and one or two hours after meals. You will most likely be taught how to monitor your own blood sugar at home with a simple machine called a glucometer.

If your blood sugar levels remain elevated despite dietary and lifestyle changes, you may need to give yourself insulin injections to keep your blood sugar in check and protect your baby. Only about 10% of women with gestational diabetes have to use insulin. In the United States, it is not recommend for pregnant women to take pills to control blood sugar due to potentially harmful effects on the baby. But some studies show this may be OK for some women.

Depending on how well your diabetes is controlled and how your pregnancy is progressing, your health care provider may monitor your baby more closely during the last weeks or months before your due date. If the baby appears to be growing very large, you may be given an ultrasound test to try to verify your baby's size.

While most women with gestational diabetes are able to have a normal labor and vaginal delivery, some health care providers prefer to deliver the baby earlier than the due date or may even suggest a cesarean section if the baby becomes too large. 

After delivery, your health care provider will check to make sure that your blood sugar levels have returned to normal. You'll need to have your blood sugar levels rechecked about six weeks after delivery, and then yearly after that.

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WebMD Medical Reference

Reviewed by Nivin Todd, MD, FACOG on March 21, 2014
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If the level is below 70 or you are experiencing symptoms such as shaking, sweating or difficulty thinking, you will need to raise the number immediately. A quick solution is to eat a few pieces of hard candy or 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey. Recheck your numbers again in 15 minutes to see if the number has gone up. If not, repeat the steps above or call your doctor.

People who experience hypoglycemia several times in a week should call their health care provider. It's important to monitor your levels each day so you can make sure your numbers are within the range. If you are pregnant always consult with your health care provider.

Congratulations on taking steps to manage your health.

However, it's important to continue to track your numbers so that you can make lifestyle changes if needed. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

Your level is high if this reading was taken before eating. Aim for 70-130 before meals and less than 180 two hours after meals.

Even if your number is high, it's not too late for you to take control of your health and lower your blood sugar.

One of the first steps is to monitor your levels each day. If you are pregnant always consult with your physician.

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