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Anal Fissure - References


  1. Dozois EJ, Pemberton JH (2006). Anal fissure section of Hemorrhoids and other anorectal disorders. In MM Wolfe et al., eds., Therapy of Digestive Disorders, pp. 948-950. Philadelphia: Elsevier.

Other Works Consulted

  • Madoff RD, Fleshman JW (2003). American Gastroenterological Association Medical position statement: Diagnosis and care of patients with anal fissure. Gastroenterology, 124(1): 233-234.

  • Marcello PW (2010). Diseases of the anorectum. In M Feldman et al., eds., Sleisenger and Fordtran's Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease, 9th ed., vol. 2, pp. 2257-2267. Philadelphia: Saunders.

  • Nelson RL (2011). Operative procedures for fissure in ano. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (11).

  • Perry W, et al. (2010). Practice parameters for the management of anal fissures (3rd revision). Diseases of the Colon and Rectum, 53(8): 1110-1115.

  • Welton ML, et al. (2010). Anal fissure and ulcer section of Anorectum. In GM Doherty, ed., Current Diagnosis and Treatment: Surgery. 13th ed., pp. 710-712. New York: McGraw-Hill.

    WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

    Last Updated: November 14, 2014
    This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
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