Treatment for aortic valve stenosis is replacement of the aortic valve.
Valve replacement is recommended based on many things including how severe the stenosis is, whether you have symptoms, and how well your heart is pumping blood. It is typically recommended when a person has severe stenosis. If you have severe stenosis, especially with symptoms, surgery to replace the aortic valve is usually required. If you don't have your valve replaced after your stenosis is severe, you have a high risk of dying suddenly or developing heart failure. Valve replacement can relieve symptoms, improve your quality of life, and help you have a more normal life span.
View a slideshow on aortic valve replacement surgery . For more information, see Surgery.
- Aortic Valve Stenosis: Should I Have Surgery?
Balloon valvuloplasty is a less invasive procedure that might be done for some children, teens, or young adults in their 20s, or for people for whom valve surgery is too great a risk. For more information, see Surgery.
You may need medicine to prevent or treat a heart infection or to help manage heart failure, which is the most common complication of aortic valve stenosis. For more information, see Medications.
Aortic valve stenosis tends to get worse over time. So you need to decide what kind of care you want at the end of your life.
It can be hard to have talks with your doctor and family about the end of your life. But making these decisions now may bring you and your family peace of mind. Your family won't have to wonder what you want. And you can spend your time focusing on your relationships.
You will need to decide if you want life-support measures if your health gets very bad. An advance directive is a legal document that tells doctors how to care for you at the end of your life. This care includes electronic devices that are used for heart failure, such as pacemakers. You also can say where you want to have care. And you can name someone who can make sure your wishes are followed.
For more information, see the topic Care at the End of Life.