Western Diet Ups Heart, Diabetes Risk
Burger, Fries, and a Diet Soda Are Culprits in Metabolic Syndrome
WebMD News Archive
Diet and Metabolic Syndrome: Study Details continued...
The Western diet followers ate refined grains, processed meat, red meat,
fried foods, eggs, and soda and not much fish, fruit, vegetables, or
The prudent diet followers ate more fruits, vegetables, fish, seafood,
poultry, whole grains, and low-fat dairy foods.
The researchers grouped the participants in each diet group into segments,
from those who ate the least amount of the foods studied to those who ate the
most servings. They also looked individually at how eating fried foods,
sweetened beverages such as regular soda, nuts, coffee, and diet soda affected
the risk of metabolic syndrome.
The study is published in the journal Circulation, an American Heart
Diet and Metabolic Syndrome: More Results
The development of metabolic syndrome was linked overall with eating the
Western diet, even after Steffen adjusted for such variables as smoking, calorie intake, and physical
Overall, eating the prudent diet did not decrease the risk of getting
metabolic syndrome, which surprised Steffen. But when she looked at individual
foods in the prudent diet, they found that three servings of dairy products
lowered the risk of metabolic syndrome by 13%.
The prudent diet may not have produced a lot of benefit, she tells WebMD,
because on average the participants didn't meet the five or more recommended
servings a day of fruits
"The finding that a Western diet, with high intakes of processed red
meat and fried foods, would lead to the development of metabolic syndrome is in
accordance with our traditional thinking," says Peter Sheehan, MD, an
endocrinologist and member of the board of directors for the American Diabetes
Association, who reviewed the study for WebMD.
Exactly why isn't known, says Sheehan. In food processing, a "common
denominator" substance produced might be to blame, he says. Or it "may
be people who have a tendency to [be] overweight drink diet soda."