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    Ulcerative Colitis

    Important
    It is possible that the main title of the report Ulcerative Colitis is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

    Synonyms

    Disorder Subdivisions

    • None

    General Discussion

    Ulcerative colitis is an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) of unknown cause. It is characterized by chronic inflammation and ulceration of the lining of the major portion of the large intestine (colon). In most affected individuals, the lowest region of the large intestine, known as the rectum, is initially affected. As the disease progresses, some or all, of the colon may become involved. Although associated symptoms and findings usually become apparent during adolescence or young adulthood, some individuals may experience an initial episode between ages 50 to 70. In other cases, symptom onset may occur as early as the first year of life.

    Ulcerative colitis is usually a chronic disease with repeated episodes of symptoms and remission (relapsing-remitting). However, some affected individuals may have few episodes, whereas others may have severe, continuous symptoms. During an episode, affected individuals may experience attacks of watery diarrhea that may contain pus, blood, and/or mucus; abdominal pain; fever and chills; weight loss; and/or other symptoms and findings. In severe cases, individuals may be at risk for certain serious complications.

    For example, severe inflammation and ulceration may result in thinning of the wall of the colon, causing tearing (perforation) of the colon and potentially life-threatening complications. In addition, in some cases, individuals with the disorder may eventually develop more generalized (systemic) symptoms, such as certain inflammatory skin or eye conditions; inflammation, pain, and swelling of certain joints (arthritis); chronic inflammation of the liver (chronic active hepatitis); and/or other findings.

    The specific underlying cause of ulcerative colitis is unknown. However, genetic, immunologic, infectious, and/or psychologic factors are thought to play some causative role.

    Resources

    American Autoimmune Related Diseases Association, Inc.
    22100 Gratiot Ave.
    Eastpointe, MI 48021
    Tel: (586)776-3900
    Fax: (586)776-3903
    Tel: (800)598-4668
    Email: aarda@aarda.org
    Internet: http://www.aarda.org/

    Crohn's and Colitis Foundation of America
    386 Park Avenue South
    17th Floor
    New York, NY 10016-7374
    USA
    Tel: (212)685-3440
    Fax: (212)779-4098
    Tel: (800)932-2423
    Email: info@ccfa.org
    Internet: http://www.ccfa.org

    NIH/National Institute of Diabetes, Digestive & Kidney Diseases
    Office of Communications & Public Liaison
    Bldg 31, Rm 9A06
    31 Center Drive, MSC 2560
    Bethesda, MD 20892-2560
    Tel: (301)496-3583
    Email: NDDIC@info.niddk.nih.gov
    Internet: http://www2.niddk.nih.gov/

    International Foundation for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders
    700 W. Virginia St., 201
    Milwaukee, WI 53217
    USA
    Tel: (414)964-1799
    Fax: (414)964-7176
    Tel: (888)964-2001
    Email: iffgd@iffgd.org
    Internet: http://www.iffgd.org

    Gastro-Intestinal Research Foundation
    70 East Lake Street
    Suite 1015
    Chicago, IL 60601
    Tel: (312)332-1350
    Fax: (312)332-4757
    Email: info@girf.org
    Internet: http://www.girf.org

    Pull-Thru Network
    1705 Wintergreen Parkway
    Normal, IL 61761
    USA
    Tel: (309)262-2930
    Email: PullthruNetwork@gmail.com
    Internet: http://www.PullthruNetwork.org

    Reach Out for Youth with Ileitis and Colitis, Inc.
    PO Box 857
    Bellmore, NY 11710
    USA
    Tel: (631)293-3102
    Email: info@reachoutforyouth.org
    Internet: http://www.reachoutforyouth.org

    Erythema Nodosum Yahoo Support Group
    Internet: http://health.groups.yahoo.com/group/erythema_nodosum_Group/

    Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
    PO Box 8126
    Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
    Tel: (301)251-4925
    Fax: (301)251-4911
    Tel: (888)205-2311
    TDD: (888)205-3223
    Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/

    Madisons Foundation
    PO Box 241956
    Los Angeles, CA 90024
    Tel: (310)264-0826
    Fax: (310)264-4766
    Email: getinfo@madisonsfoundation.org
    Internet: http://www.madisonsfoundation.org

    Autoimmune Information Network, Inc.
    PO Box 4121
    Brick, NJ 08723
    Fax: (732)543-7285
    Email: autoimmunehelp@aol.com

    PSC Partners Seeking a Cure
    5237 South Kenton Way
    Englewood, CO 80111
    Tel: (303)771-5227
    Fax: (303)221-0757
    Email: contactus@pscpartners.org
    Internet: http://www.pscpartners.org

    European Society for Immunodeficiencies
    1-3 rue de Chantepoulet
    Geneva, CH 1211
    Switzerland
    Tel: 410229080484
    Fax: 41229069140
    Email: esid@kenes.com
    Internet: http://www.esid.org

    AutoImmunity Community
    Email: moderator@autoimmunitycommunity.org
    Internet: http://www.autoimmunitycommunity.org

    CORE
    3 St. Andrews Place
    London, NW1 4LB
    United Kingdom
    Tel: 02074860341
    Fax: 02072242012
    Email: info@corecharity.org.uk
    Internet: http://www.corecharity.org.uk

    For a Complete Report:

    This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be downloaded free from the NORD website for registered users. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational therapies (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".

    The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only. NORD recommends that affected individuals seek the advice or counsel of their own personal physicians.

    It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report

    This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.

    For additional information and assistance about rare disorders, please contact the National Organization for Rare Disorders at P.O. Box 1968, Danbury, CT 06813-1968; phone (203) 744-0100; web site www.rarediseases.org or email orphan@rarediseases.org

    Last Updated: 11/5/2012
    Copyright 1986, 1990, 1991, 1994, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2001, 2005 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

    WebMD Medical Reference from the National Organization for Rare Disorders

    Last Updated: May 28, 2015
    This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.

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