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    Ovarian Epithelial Cancer Treatment (PDQ®): Treatment - Patient Information [NCI] - Stages of Ovarian Epithelial Cancer

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    In stage I, cancer is found in one or both ovaries. Stage I is divided into stage IA, stage IB, and stage IC.

    • Stage IA: Cancer is found inside a single ovary.
    • Stage IB: Cancer is found inside both ovaries.
    • Stage IC: Cancer is found inside one or both ovaries and one of the following is true:
      • cancer is also found on the outside surface of one or both ovaries; or
      • the capsule (outer covering) of the ovary has ruptured (broken open); or
      • cancer cells are found in the fluid of the peritoneal cavity (the body cavity that contains most of the organs in the abdomen) or in washings of the peritoneum (tissue lining the peritoneal cavity).

    Stage II

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    Ovarian cancer stage IIA, IIB, and IIC. In stage IIA, cancer is found inside one or both ovaries and has spread to the uterus and/or the fallopian tubes. In stage IIB, cancer is found inside one or both ovaries and has spread to other tissues within the pelvis. In stage IIC, cancer is found inside one or both ovaries and has spread to the uterus and/or fallopian tubes and/or other tissue within the pelvis, and one of the following is true: (a) cancer is found on the outside surface of one or both ovaries, (b) the capsule (outer covering) of the ovary has broken open, or (c) cancer cells are found floating in the peritoneal fluid surrounding abdominal organs or in washings of the peritoneum.

    In stage II, cancer is found in one or both ovaries and has spread into other areas of the pelvis. Stage II is divided into stage IIA, stage IIB, and stage IIC.

    • Stage IIA: Cancer has spread to the uterus and/or the fallopian tubes (the long slender tubes through which eggs pass from the ovaries to the uterus).
    • Stage IIB: Cancer has spread to other tissue within the pelvis.
    • Stage IIC: Cancer is found in one or both ovaries and has spread to the uterus and/or fallopian tubes, or to other tissue within the pelvis. Also, one of the following is true:
      • cancer is also found on the outside surface of one or both ovaries; or
      • the capsule (outer covering) of the ovary has ruptured (broken open); or
      • cancer cells are found in the fluid of the peritoneal cavity (the body cavity that contains most of the organs in the abdomen) or in washings of the peritoneum (tissue lining the peritoneal cavity).
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