Types of Schizophrenia - Topic Overview
There are several types of
schizophrenia. The most common type is paranoid
paranoid schizophrenia have frightening thoughts and hear threatening voices.
This causes them to act afraid or to argue with other people. Sometimes they attack other people or objects in their
surroundings because they are afraid of them.
This type of schizophrenia often develops later in
life than other types. People with paranoid schizophrenia
often get better with treatment.
Catatonic schizophrenia is rare. It can cause odd behaviors such as:
- Sitting or standing in unusual positions
- Allowing another person to move one's arms and legs
into different positions (waxy flexibility).
- Sitting without
moving for long periods of time (stupor).
- Being very active but
with no purpose (catatonic excitement). During these episodes of intense activity, people with catatonic schizophrenia may injure themselves or other
Disorganized schizophrenia is rare but is the most
serious type of schizophrenia. People who have this type have unpredictable
They may act silly and giggle for no apparent reason. They often
make up words and sentences that make no sense to other people. And they often don't show facial expressions. Disorganized schizophrenia is
sometimes called hebephrenic schizophrenia.
Examples of disorganized speech include:
- Making up words (neologisms). For example: "I'm
going to the park to ride the wallywhoop."
- Rhyming words (clang
speech). For example: "Deck the halls with boughs of holly, folly, polly,
dolly, hello Dolly, want a lollipop?"
- Saying sentences that make no
sense to other people (word salad). For example: "Give paper floor me school
- Repeating exactly what someone else has said
Examples of disorganized behavior include:
- Repeating the same activity (word or behavior)
over and over again (perseveration).
- Repeating exactly what someone
else has done (echopraxia).
- Dressing oddly, such as wearing many
sets of clothing one over the other or wearing hats, gloves, and heavy coats in
- Doing things in public that are usually done only in
private. Urinating on a street corner is an example.
Other types of schizophrenia include:
- Undifferentiated schizophrenia.
This refers to schizophrenia in which the symptoms don't fit the other types of schizophrenia.
- Residual schizophrenia. This refers to the continued presence of symptoms of schizophrenia