Reading a popular women's magazine the other day, I was
startled to discover that what looked like one of those peel-off makeup samples
wasn't a makeup sample at all. It was "The Patch," a form of birth
control that you slap on your skin once a week. Of course, the magazine sample
didn't actually contain the combination of estrogen and progestin that the
real patch releases -- it was just to demonstrate how thin and
unnoticeable the real thing is.
A few pages later, I found an ad for NuvaRing, an insertable
hormonal contraceptive. After decades of little to no exciting news in
contraceptives for women, suddenly we're riding a wave of promising new birth
The birth control pill was a big hit when it went on sale in the early 1960s. Nearly 50 years later, it's still one of the most popular methods of reversible birth control, with dozens of brands and formulations available.
Yet, half-truths and misconceptions about the birth control pill persist, among them that this method of contraception leads to weight gain.
"This is really unprecedented," says Stephanie B. Tiel,
M.D., a clinical instructor of obstetrics and gynecology at Columbia University
College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York. "There are four new
FDA-approved methods of contraception now on the market."
Tiel calls the new options "the best of both worlds" --
they have the quick reversibility of the pill, should you decide to get
pregnant, but they're longer-acting systems that don't require busy women to
remember to do something at the same time every day.
"You Don't Have to Think About It"
First on the market was Mirena, an intrauterine device (IUD)
that's been used in Europe for over ten years. Mirena releases levonorgestrel,
a hormone commonly found in the pill, to create a "hostile uterine
environment" and prevent pregnancy. Inserted (and removed) by a physician,
Mirena works for up to five years, with a failure rate of less than 1%.
"You don't have to think about it. Once it's in, it's
in," says Tiel. "It's just as effective as having your tubes tied, only
it's reversible." Another big plus: Mirena causes lighter periods for most
women. In fact, some 20% of Mirena users don't menstruate at all. "It's
totally normal. The hormone in the IUD thins the Â¼ lining [of the uterus] so
you still ovulate, but you don't bleed," Tiel explains. Most of the other
80% experience 1-2 days of very light bleeding, a huge relief if you normally
have problem periods.
Some women avoid IUDs because of fears of infection and
infertility. But those problems were limited to the Dalkon Shield, which had a
braided string for the doctor to use in removing the device. The braiding
allowed bacteria to grow, unlike the single-filament strings used to remove
Mirena (and the other current IUD, the copper-IUD).
As with any birth control method, there are some disadvantages.
Mirena has to be inserted and removed by a doctor; it's a simple, painless
procedure, but not a do-it-yourself task. It's also expensive, costing about
$360 for the device plus your doctor's visit fees, if your insurance doesn't
cover it (some plans do).