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Birth Control Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Birth Control

  1. Topic Overview

    The diaphragm is a barrier method of birth control. It is a round,dome-shaped device made of rubber that has a firm,flexible rim. It fits inside a woman's vagina and covers the cervix. It should always be used with a sperm-killing cream or jelly (spermicide). There are different types of diaphragms: The flat-spring and coil-spring types can be used with an inserter. The arcing-spring type ...

  2. Topic Overview

    A spermicide is a substance that kills sperm. Spermicides are available as jelly,foam,cream,suppositories,and film. The active ingredient of most spermicides is a chemical called nonoxynol-9. Most spermicides come with an applicator. The applicator is filled with spermicide and inserted into the vagina right before intercourse. When using a jelly,foam,or cream,you can then have sex ...

  3. Topic Overview

    The cervical cap is a barrier method of birth control. A cervical cap,which is made of rubber,fits tightly over the opening to the uterus (the cervix). It is used with a spermicide. You can insert the cap ahead of time or just before sex. To work best,the cap should be left in place for 6 hours after sex. Do not leave it in for more than 48 hours total. If you have sex more than one time ...

  4. Topic Overview

    Choosing the birth control method that's right for you can be complicated. There are lots of things to consider,such as your lifestyle and your health. These stories are based on information gathered from health professionals and consumers. They may be helpful as you make important health decisions about the birth control method you choose. Barrier methods Jennifer,age 25,and Ben,age 30: ...

  5. Topic Overview

    Before having an intrauterine device (IUD) inserted,you will probably have: A pregnancy test,especially if you have not been using an effective method of birth control,have been sexually active in the past month,and are not having your menstrual period at the time of the procedure. Testing for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs),because the insertion procedure can carry an infection ...

  6. Topic Overview

    A diaphragm is a birth control device that blocks sperm from fertilizing an egg. It is made of rubber and shaped like a dome. It fits inside a woman's vagina and covers the cervix (the opening of the uterus); a firm,flexible rim keeps it in place. A diaphragm is always used with a sperm-killing cream or jelly (spermicide) to prevent pregnancy. Proper diaphragm use Spread spermicidal cream or ...

  7. Birth Control Pills, Patch, or Ring

    Drug details for Combination hormonal birth control methods (pills, patch, or ring).

  8. Topic Overview

    It is not unusual for women who are taking hormone pills for birth control to have very light periods or no bleeding at all. If you have not missed any pills,skip 1 period,yet have no other signs of early pregnancy,it is very unlikely that you are pregnant. Signs of early pregnancy include fatigue,breast tenderness or enlargement,nausea or vomiting,and increased urination. Call your ...

  9. Topic Overview

    A tubal ligation is considered a permanent method of birth control. The fallopian tubes are cut or blocked,which prevents pregnancy by blocking the egg's path to the sperm and uterus. Laparoscopy makes it possible to see and do the surgery through small incisions in the abdomen. For a laparoscopic tubal ligation,the surgeon makes two small incisions-one in or just below the belly button ...

  10. Topic Overview

    In some women,the estrogen in combination hormonal birth control methods increases the risk of a blood clot in a leg ( deep vein thrombosis,or DVT ) or a blood clot in a lung ( pulmonary embolism,or PE ). A blood clot in a leg vein can travel through the circulation system and cause pulmonary embolism. The risk for DVT or PE is overall very low with hormonal contraceptives. In the past,...

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