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Birth Control Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Birth Control

  1. Topic Overview

    The skin (transdermal) patch is a highly effective method of birth control when it is used exactly as directed. The patch failure rate is the same as that of birth control pills. Talk to your doctor about what day to start using the patch. It is usually recommended that the first patch be placed on the first day of your next menstrual period. If the patch is started on any other day,use a ...

  2. Vasectomy

    A vasectomy is considered a permanent method of birth control. A vasectomy prevents the release of sperm when a man ejaculates.

  3. Topic Overview

    A spermicide is a substance that kills sperm. Spermicides are available as jelly,foam,cream,suppositories,and film. The active ingredient of most spermicides is a chemical called nonoxynol-9. Most spermicides come with an applicator. The applicator is filled with spermicide and inserted into the vagina right before intercourse. When using a jelly,foam,or cream,you can then have sex ...

  4. Topic Overview

    Choosing the birth control method that's right for you can be complicated. There are lots of things to consider,such as your lifestyle and your health. These stories are based on information gathered from health professionals and consumers. They may be helpful as you make important health decisions about the birth control method you choose. Barrier methods Jennifer,age 25,and Ben,age 30: ...

  5. Topic Overview

    Birth control methods Method How it prevents pregnancy Hormonal Prevents ovulation Thickens mucus at the cervix so sperm cannot pass through Changes the environment of the uterus and fallopian tubes to prevent fertilization and to prevent implantation if fertilization occurs Intrauterine device (IUD) The progestin released by the hormonal IUD prevents fertilization by making the mucus in the ...

  6. Topic Overview

    The cervical cap is a barrier method of birth control. A cervical cap,which is made of rubber,fits tightly over the opening to the uterus (the cervix). It is used with a spermicide. You can insert the cap ahead of time or just before sex. To work best,the cap should be left in place for 6 hours after sex. Do not leave it in for more than 48 hours total. If you have sex more than one time ...

  7. Topic Overview

    Several myths about when a woman can or cannot become pregnant persist,particularly among younger people. Myths and truths about becoming pregnant Myth Truth You can't get pregnant the first time you have vaginal intercourse. Getting pregnant has nothing to do with how many times you have sex. If you are near the time of ovulation when you have sexual intercourse,you can get pregnant. You ...

  8. Topic Overview

    The vaginal ring is a highly effective method of birth control when it is used exactly as directed. The ring failure rate is the same as that of birth control pills. Talk to your doctor about what day to start using the ring. Usually,a ring is started during one of the first 5 days of the menstrual cycle. See a picture of the vaginal hormonal ring. The ring cannot be incorrectly inserted. ...

  9. Topic Overview

    Some medicines can interfere with how birth control pills work. For example,you may not be protected from pregnancy while you are taking other medicines that affect liver metabolism. The vaginal ring and skin patch contain combination hormones and may also interact with some medicines. The progestin-only pills,implant (Implanon),and shot (Depo-Provera) also contain hormones that may ...

  10. Birth Control Pills, Patch, or Ring

    Drug details for Combination hormonal birth control methods (pills, patch, or ring).

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