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Birth Control Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Birth Control

  1. Topic Overview

    What is the ring? The ring is used to prevent pregnancy. It's a soft plastic ring that you put into your vagina. It's also called the vaginal ring.The ring releases a regular dose of the hormones estrogen and progestin. These hormones prevent pregnancy in three ways. They thicken the mucus in the cervix. This makes it hard for sperm to travel into the uterus. They thin the lining of the uterus, which makes it harder for a fertilized egg to attach to the uterus. The hormones also can stop the ovaries from releasing an egg each month (ovulation).The ring protects against pregnancy for 1 month at a time. You wear one ring for 3 weeks in a row and then go without a ring for 1 week. During the week without the ring, you have your period. Your period may be very light. How well does it work?In the first year of use:1When the ring is used exactly as directed, fewer than 1 woman out of 100 has an unplanned pregnancy. When the ring is not used exactly as directed, 9 women out of 100 have an

  2. Topic Overview

    What are combination pills?Combination pills are used to prevent pregnancy. Most people call them the pill.Combination pills release a regular dose of two hormones, estrogen and progestin. They prevent pregnancy in a few ways. They thicken the mucus in the cervix. This makes it hard for sperm to travel into the uterus. And they thin the lining of the uterus. This makes it harder for a fertilized egg to attach to the uterus.The hormones also can stop the ovaries from releasing an egg each month (ovulation).You have to take a pill every day to prevent pregnancy.There are different kinds of packages for these pills. The most common one has 3 weeks of hormone pills and 1 week of sugar pills. The sugar pills don't contain any hormones. You have your period on that week. But other packs have no sugar pills. If you take hormone pills for the whole month, you will not get your period as often. Or you may not get it at all.How well do they work?In the first year of use:1When combination pills

  3. Topic Overview

    A spermicide is a substance that kills sperm. Spermicides are available as jelly,foam,cream,suppositories,and film. The active ingredient of most spermicides is a chemical called nonoxynol-9. Most spermicides come with an applicator. The applicator is filled with spermicide and inserted into the vagina right before intercourse. When using a jelly,foam,or cream,you can then have sex ...

  4. Topic Overview

    When to use a condomCondoms can be used with spermicide to prevent pregnancy or alone as protection against sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Pregnancy prevention. Use a condom and spermicide to prevent pregnancy. Make sure to check the condom's expiration date, and do not use it if past that date.STD protection. To protect yourself and your partner from STD infection, use a condom during ...

  5. Birth Control - Topic Overview

    What is birth control?Birth control, also called contraception, is any method used to prevent pregnancy. It allows you to choose whether or when to have a child. Most women can become pregnant from the age when they start their menstrual periods until their late 40s or early 50s. During the many years before menopause, using birth control is key to avoiding an unplanned pregnancy. Which birth ...

  6. Birth Control - Choosing a Birth Control Method

    With so many methods available and so many factors to consider, choosing birth control can be difficult. You may be able to decide on a method by asking yourself the following questions. Might I want to have a biological child in the future?One of your first considerations might be to determine whether you want permanent or temporary birth control. In other words, you should consider whether you .

  7. Topic Overview

    Some medicines can interfere with how birth control pills work. For example,you may not be protected from pregnancy while you are taking other medicines that affect liver metabolism. The vaginal ring and skin patch contain combination hormones and may also interact with some medicines. The progestin-only pills,implant (Implanon),and shot (Depo-Provera) also contain hormones that may ...

  8. Birth Control - Birth Control Methods

    There are many methods of birth control. Learn about the different kinds of birth control to help you choose the best one for you. When making your choice, also consider that only a condom will protect you from sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). To protect yourself and your partner against STDs, use a condom (along with your chosen birth control method) every time you have sex.Hormonal ...

  9. Birth Control - When to Call a Doctor

    Different birth control methods have different side effects and possible complications. It is important to understand the risks of the birth control method you use. Talk to your health professional if you have concerns about side effects.Call your health professional if you have symptoms of pregnancy, such as having missed one or more periods or having your period but with a lot less bleeding ...

  10. Birth Control - Emergency Contraception

    You can use emergency contraception if a condom breaks, you've forgotten a pill, you are taking other medications that may affect contraception medications, or you have had unprotected sex. Emergency contraception does not protect against sexually transmitted diseases.There are two kinds of emergency contraception:Hormonal emergency contraception. Even though it is called the "morning - after ...

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