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    Birth Control Health Center

    Medical Reference Related to Birth Control

    1. Birth Control - Topic Overview

      When to use a condomCondoms can be used with spermicide to prevent pregnancy or alone as protection against sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Pregnancy prevention. Use a condom and spermicide to prevent pregnancy. Make sure to check the condom's expiration date, and do not use it if past that date.STD protection. To protect yourself and your partner from STD infection, use a condom during ...

    2. Barrier Methods of Birth Control

      Barrier methods of birth control block sperm from entering the uterus. Using a spermicide with a barrier method gives you the best possible barrier method protection. In fact, without a spermicide, a diaphragm, cervical cap, or Lea's Shield is not effective. The spermicide kills most of the sperm that enter the vagina. The barrier method then blocks any remaining sperm from passing through the ...

    3. Birth Control - Topic Overview

      What are mini-pills? Mini-pills are used to prevent pregnancy. They release a regular dose of a hormone called progestin. They are different from regular combination birth control pills. Those contain progestin and another hormone called estrogen. Progestin prevents pregnancy in a few ways. It thickens the mucus in the cervix. This makes it hard for sperm to travel into the uterus. It also thins the lining of the uterus. This makes it harder for a fertilized egg to attach to the uterus. And progestin can sometimes stop the ovaries from releasing an egg each month (ovulation).Mini-pills come in packs. Every pill in the pack contains progestin. There are no spacer pills. You have to take a pill every day at the same time to prevent pregnancy. This means you take a pill even when you have your period.How well do they work?In the first year of use:1When mini-pills are taken exactly as directed, fewer than 1 woman out of 100 has an unplanned pregnancy. When pills are not taken exactly as

    4. Progestin-Only Hormonal Methods (Mini-Pills, Implants, and Shots)

      Drug details for Progestin-only hormonal methods (mini-pills, shots).

    5. Laparoscopic Tubal Ligation - Topic Overview

      A spermicide is a substance that kills sperm. Spermicides are available as jelly,foam,cream,suppositories,and film. The active ingredient of most spermicides is a chemical called nonoxynol-9. Most spermicides come with an applicator. The applicator is filled with spermicide and inserted into the vagina right before intercourse. When using a jelly,foam,or cream,you can then have sex ...

    6. Vasectomy

      A vasectomy is considered a permanent method of birth control. A vasectomy prevents the release of sperm when a man ejaculates.

    7. Birth Control - Topic Overview

      The female condom is a tube of soft plastic with a closed end. Both ends have a ring or rim. The ring at the closed end is inserted deep into the vagina over the cervix,like a diaphragm,to hold the tube in place. The ring at the open end remains outside the opening of the vagina. A new female condom is used with each act of sexual intercourse. It can be inserted up to 8 hours before sexual ...

    8. Birth Control - Topic Overview

      The vaginal contraceptive sponge is a barrier method of birth control. It contains a spermicide called nonoxynol-9 that is released over the 24 hours that the sponge may be left in the vagina. The sponge also blocks the cervix so sperm can't pass. It can be inserted immediately before intercourse or up to 24 hours before. It is left in place for 6 hours after intercourse. Effectiveness in ...

    9. Birth Control Hormones: The Pill - Birth Control Methods

      There are many methods of birth control. Learn about the different kinds of birth control to help you choose the best one for you. When making your choice, also consider that only a condom will protect you from sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). To protect yourself and your partner against STDs, use a condom (along with your chosen birth control method) every time you have sex.Hormonal ...

    10. Contraceptive Sponge for Birth Control - Emergency Contraception

      You can use emergency contraception if a condom breaks, you've forgotten a pill, you are taking other medications that may affect contraception medications, or you have had unprotected sex. Emergency contraception does not protect against sexually transmitted diseases.There are two kinds of emergency contraception:Hormonal emergency contraception. Even though it is called the "morning - after ...

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