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    Birth Control Health Center

    Medical Reference Related to Birth Control

    1. Birth Control Hormones: The Pill - Topic Overview

      What is the ring? The ring is used to prevent pregnancy. It's a soft plastic ring that you put into your vagina. It's also called the vaginal ring.The ring releases a regular dose of the hormones estrogen and progestin. These hormones prevent pregnancy in three ways. They thicken the mucus in the cervix. This makes it hard for sperm to travel into the uterus. They thin the lining of the uterus, which makes it harder for a fertilized egg to attach to the uterus. The hormones also can stop the ovaries from releasing an egg each month (ovulation).The ring protects against pregnancy for 1 month at a time. You wear one ring for 3 weeks in a row and then go without a ring for 1 week. During the week without the ring, you have your period. Your period may be very light. How well does it work?In the first year of use:1When the ring is used exactly as directed, fewer than 1 woman out of 100 has an unplanned pregnancy. When the ring is not used exactly as directed, 9 women out of 100 have an

    2. Birth Control - Topic Overview

      What is the shot? The shot is used to prevent pregnancy. You get the shot in your upper arm or rear end (buttocks). The shot gives you a dose of the hormone progestin. The shot is often called by its brand name, Depo-Provera.Progestin prevents pregnancy in these ways: It thickens the mucus in the cervix. This makes it hard for sperm to travel into the uterus. It also thins the lining of the uterus, which makes it harder for a fertilized egg to attach to the uterus. Progestin can sometimes stop the ovaries from releasing an egg each month (ovulation).The shot provides birth control for 3 months at a time. You then need another shot. The shot can cause bone loss. Most women can use it safely for up to 2 years and then may choose to switch to another form of birth control. Some women may be able to use the shot for more than 2 years.How well does it work?In the first year of use:1When the shot is used exactly as directed, fewer than 1 woman out of 100 has an unplanned pregnancy. When the

    3. Birth Control Hormones: The Pill - Topic Overview

      What are combination pills?Combination pills are used to prevent pregnancy. Most people call them the pill.Combination pills release a regular dose of two hormones, estrogen and progestin. They prevent pregnancy in a few ways. They thicken the mucus in the cervix. This makes it hard for sperm to travel into the uterus. And they thin the lining of the uterus. This makes it harder for a fertilized egg to attach to the uterus.The hormones also can stop the ovaries from releasing an egg each month (ovulation).You have to take a pill every day to prevent pregnancy.There are different kinds of packages for these pills. The most common one has 3 weeks of hormone pills and 1 week of sugar pills. The sugar pills don't contain any hormones. You have your period on that week. But other packs have no sugar pills. If you take hormone pills for the whole month, you will not get your period as often. Or you may not get it at all.How well do they work?In the first year of use:1When combination pills

    4. Birth Control - Topic Overview

      What are mini-pills? Mini-pills are used to prevent pregnancy. They release a regular dose of a hormone called progestin. They are different from regular combination birth control pills. Those contain progestin and another hormone called estrogen. Progestin prevents pregnancy in a few ways. It thickens the mucus in the cervix. This makes it hard for sperm to travel into the uterus. It also thins the lining of the uterus. This makes it harder for a fertilized egg to attach to the uterus. And progestin can sometimes stop the ovaries from releasing an egg each month (ovulation).Mini-pills come in packs. Every pill in the pack contains progestin. There are no spacer pills. You have to take a pill every day at the same time to prevent pregnancy. This means you take a pill even when you have your period.How well do they work?In the first year of use:1When mini-pills are taken exactly as directed, fewer than 1 woman out of 100 has an unplanned pregnancy. When pills are not taken exactly as

    5. Laparoscopic Tubal Ligation - Topic Overview

      A spermicide is a substance that kills sperm. Spermicides are available as jelly,foam,cream,suppositories,and film. The active ingredient of most spermicides is a chemical called nonoxynol-9. Most spermicides come with an applicator. The applicator is filled with spermicide and inserted into the vagina right before intercourse. When using a jelly,foam,or cream,you can then have sex ...

    6. Birth Control Hormones: The Pill - Topic Overview

      What is the patch?The patch is used to prevent pregnancy. It looks like a bandage and is put on the skin of your belly, rear end (buttocks), upper arm, or upper body (but not on a breast).The patch releases a regular dose of the hormones estrogen and progestin. These hormones prevent pregnancy in three ways. They thicken the mucus in the cervix. This makes it hard for sperm to travel into the uterus. They thin the lining of the uterus, which makes it harder for a fertilized egg to attach to the uterus. The hormones also can stop the ovaries from releasing an egg each month (ovulation).The patch provides birth control for 1 month at a time. You change the patch once a week for 3 weeks and then go without a patch for 1 week. During the week without the patch, you have your period. Your period may be very light.How well does it work?In the first year of use:1When the patch is used exactly as directed, fewer than 1 woman out of 100 has an unplanned pregnancy. When the patch is not used

    7. Birth Control - Topic Overview

      The vaginal contraceptive sponge is a barrier method of birth control. It contains a spermicide called nonoxynol-9 that is released over the 24 hours that the sponge may be left in the vagina. The sponge also blocks the cervix so sperm can't pass. It can be inserted immediately before intercourse or up to 24 hours before. It is left in place for 6 hours after intercourse. Effectiveness in ...

    8. Barrier Methods of Birth Control

      Barrier methods of birth control block sperm from entering the uterus. Using a spermicide with a barrier method gives you the best possible barrier method protection. In fact, without a spermicide, a diaphragm, cervical cap, or Lea's Shield is not effective. The spermicide kills most of the sperm that enter the vagina. The barrier method then blocks any remaining sperm from passing through the ...

    9. Birth Control Hormones: The Pill - Birth Control Methods

      There are many methods of birth control. Learn about the different kinds of birth control to help you choose the best one for you. When making your choice, also consider that only a condom will protect you from sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). To protect yourself and your partner against STDs, use a condom (along with your chosen birth control method) every time you have sex.Hormonal ...

    10. Contraceptive Sponge for Birth Control - Topic Overview

      Some medicines can interfere with how birth control pills work. For example,you may not be protected from pregnancy while you are taking other medicines that affect liver metabolism. The vaginal ring and skin patch contain combination hormones and may also interact with some medicines. The progestin-only pills,implant (Implanon),and shot (Depo-Provera) also contain hormones that may ...

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