Child's Insomnia Linked to Teen Alcohol Abuse
Parents Should Help Children Overcome Sleep Problems
WebMD News Archive
April 14, 2004 -- Young children with sleep problems, such as
insomnia, may be prone to turn to alcohol, drugs, and cigarettes in their early
teen years, a new study shows.
"We found that when a mother reported her child as having
sleep problems -- at ages 3 to 5 - that child was twice as likely to
have drug and alcohol abuse problems," researcher Maria Wong, MD, a
professor of psychiatry at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, tells WebMD.
Her study appears in the current issue of Alcoholism: Clinical and
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Bad parenting may be driving the child's sleep problems, points
out Louis B. Antoine, MD, a child and adolescent psychiatrist at the University
of Miami School of Medicine. He agreed to comment on Wong's findings.
"After all, what is the definition of sleep problems
in a toddler?" asks Antoine. "Let's say a mother has sleep problems of
her own. Let's say she's not very sophisticated about children, doesn't
understand child development very well, has problems herself that make her
impatient. Also, is the child being fed properly? Is there an anxiety disorder,
nightmares, fear of the dark? Is the child hyperactive, so wired that he's not
able to settle down?"
Boys Sleeping Badly
For their study, Wong and her colleagues recruited 257 boys
from families, many of which (60%) were considered high risk for drug and
alcohol abuse, because the father was an alcoholic. Mothers rated their sons'
early childhood (aged 3 to 5) sleep problems, problems such as overtiredness
and having trouble sleeping. Attention problems anxiety or depression symptoms,
and signs of aggressive behavior were also reported by mothers.
The boys themselves reported on their drinking, smoking, and
drug use habits from age 12 to 14.
Wong found that those with early childhood sleep problems
- Twice as likely to start using alcohol by 12 to 14.
- Twice as likely to be regular smokers.
- Twice as likely to use illicit drugs.
- Three times more likely to use marijuana.
The findings held true -- even after anxiety, depression,
aggression, and attention problems were taken into account. It was also true,
whether parents were alcoholics or not.