Skip to content

Women's Health

Select An Article
Font Size

Vulvodynia: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments



  • Local anesthetics, such as lidocaine
  • Topical estrogen creams
  • Tricyclic antidepressants
  • Anticonvulsants
  • Nerve blocks
  • Interferon injections


  • Physical therapy, which involves exercise to strengthen pelvic muscles and lessen muscle spasms
  • Biofeedback, which helps you learn to relax vaginal muscles to lessen pain


If you have a type of vulvodynia called vulvar vestibulitis syndrome, your doctor may suggest surgery to remove painful tissue, especially if other options have not brought relief.

If your doctor does not have experience with surgery for vestibulitis, consider seeing a gynecologist with a special interest in this condition. Ask your doctor for a referral.

10 Important Questions to Ask Your Doctor About Vulvodynia

Going to the doctor can be intimidating. You might feel rushed and forget to ask questions that are important. It’s always a good idea to know what to ask beforehand and to take notes when with the doctor. Some of the questions below may be worth asking. Print out this page and take it with you to your next appointment.

  1. How can you be certain of my diagnosis?
  2. What can I do at home to help control my symptoms?
  3. Will pain medications make me feel better?
  4. What treatment do you recommend for me?
  5. Are there any activities I should avoid?
  6. How might vulvodynia affect my sex life?
  7. What should I tell my partner about my condition?
  8. Will vulvodynia affect my ability to have children?
  9. What can I do for support?
  10. Can vulvodynia go away on its own?

WebMD Medical Reference

Reviewed by Trina Pagano, MD on September 30, 2014
Next Article:

Today on WebMD

hands on abdomen
Test your knowledge.
womans hand on abdomen
Are you ready for baby?
birth control pills
Learn about your options.
Is it menopause or something else?
Couple with troubles
Bone density illustration
Young woman being vaccinated
woman holding hand to ear

Send yourself a link to download the app.

Loading ...

Please wait...

This feature is temporarily unavailable. Please try again later.


Now check your email account on your mobile phone to download your new app.

Blood pressure check
mother and daughter talking
intimate couple
puppy eating