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Women's Health

Medical Reference Related to Women's Health

  1. Heavy Menstrual Periods - Symptoms

    When you have heavy periods, you may:Pass large blood clots and soak through your usual pads or tampons.Have severe menstrual cramps.Bleed for more than 7 days. A normal menstrual cycle usually lasts 4 to 6 days.Feel tired, weak, and short of breath. This can be a sign of anemia.When to call for helpCall your doctor now or seek immediate medical care if:You are passing clots of blood and soaking through your usual pads or tampons every hour for 2 or more hours.You are dizzy or lightheaded, or you feel like you may faint.You think you have anemia.Watch closely for changes in your health, and be sure to contact your doctor if:Your heavy periods are disrupting your life.You do not get better as expected.

  2. Menstrual Cycle: Dealing With Cramps

    Most women have painful cramps from their period from time to time. The good news is that you can usually relieve cramps with over-the-counter medicine and home treatment. Pain medicine and home treatment can help ease cramps. Stay ahead of the pain. Take over-the-counter pain medicine,such as ibuprofen (Advil,for example) as soon as you feel cramps or on the day before you get your period. ..

  3. Heavy Menstrual Periods - Home Treatment

    If heavy menstrual periods are affecting your daily life, you're no doubt looking for relief. Here are some things you can do on your own to ease your symptoms:Take a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), such as over-the-counter ibuprofen (Advil and Motrin, for example), to reduce pain and bleeding during your period. An NSAID works best when you start taking it 1 to 2 days before you expect pain to start. If you don't know when your period will start next, take your first dose as soon as bleeding or premenstrual pain starts. Be safe with medicines. Read and follow all instructions on the label.Take iron supplements or a multivitamin if your iron levels are low and if your doctor says that it's okay. Heavy menstrual periods can cause your iron levels to drop, which can cause anemia. You can prevent anemia by increasing the amount of iron in your diet. Eat a balanced diet that is high in iron and vitamin C. Foods rich in iron include red meat, shellfish, eggs, beans, and leafy

  4. Normal Menstrual Cycle - Perimenopausal Menstrual Cycle

    Perimenopause, which means "around menopause, " refers to the 2 to 8 years of changing hormone levels and related symptoms that lead up to menopause. The most common sign of perimenopause is longer, often irregular menstrual cycles that are caused by hormonal ups and downs. Most women start perimenopause between ages 39 and 51.8 Some women begin to notice menstrual changes and premenstrual ...

  5. Normal Menstrual Cycle - Health Tools

    Health tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health. Actionsets are designed to help people take an active role in managing a health condition. Managing menstrual cramps ...

  6. Heavy Menstrual Periods - Treatment Overview

    In most cases, heavy menstrual periods can be managed with:Medicine to reduce bleeding.Hormone therapy to either stop your periods or make them more regular.But if these treatments don't work, surgery may be needed to control your bleeding.If you plan to become pregnant in the future, or if you're nearing the time when your periods will stop (menopause), you may want to try medicine first.Hormone treatmentHormone treatments that are used to help control heavy bleeding include:Birth control pills, patch, or ring. These types of birth control give you a regular dose of estrogen and progestin. They control your body's menstrual cycle and prevent pregnancy. They also help relieve heavy menstrual bleeding and pain. For example, when you take birth control pills, your menstrual bleeding may be half as heavy as it was before you took the pills. But when you stop taking the pills, heavy bleeding may return.Progestin pills. These pills can prevent overgrowth of the endometrium and reduce

  7. Normal Menstrual Cycle - Normal Menstrual Cycle

    The menstrual cycle is the series of changes your body goes through to prepare for a possible pregnancy. About once a month, the uterus grows a new, thickened lining (endometrium) that can hold a fertilized egg. When there is no fertilized egg to start a pregnancy, the uterus then sheds its lining. This is the monthly menstrual bleeding (also called menstruation or menstrual period) that you have

  8. Normal Menstrual Cycle - Menarche and the Teenage Menstrual Cycle

    Menarche is a girl's first menstrual cycle. A first period usually happens after several years of pubic hair growth, breast development, and rapid growth known as a "growth spurt." Menarche most commonly happens sometime between ages 11 and 14.7The first menstrual cycles are usually light and unpredictable. During the first 2 years, a typical teenage menstrual cycle can be anywhere from 21 to 42 .

  9. Normal Menstrual Cycle - Topic Overview

    What is a menstrual cycle?The menstrual cycle is the series of changes a woman's body goes through to prepare for a possible pregnancy. About once a month, the uterus grows a new, thickened lining (endometrium) so that it is ready to receive a fertilized egg. When there is no fertilized egg to start a pregnancy, the uterus then sheds its lining. This is the monthly menstrual bleeding (also called

  10. Heavy Menstrual Periods - Exams and Tests

    Your doctor will first try to rule out certain causes for your heavy menstrual periods, such as a miscarriage or a growth in your uterus. Your doctor will ask how often, how long, and how much you have been bleeding. You'll have a pelvic exam. During the exam, your doctor will check for signs of disease, infection, and abnormal growths.Based on the results of your pelvic exam, your doctor may also want to do:A Pap test to look for signs of infection and changes in the cells of your cervix.A transvaginal pelvic ultrasound to check for any problems in the pelvic area.An endometrial biopsy to look for changes in the cells lining your uterus (endometrium) and to see if the endometrium is going through the normal menstrual cycle changes.A hysteroscopy to look at the lining of your uterus and to look for the cause of heavy periods, such as fibroids.Your doctor may also order blood tests to check for anemia. When you lose a lot of blood during your period, your iron levels may drop. This can

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