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Women's Health

Medical Reference Related to Women's Health

  1. Normal Menstrual Cycle - Health Tools

    Health tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health. Actionsets are designed to help people take an active role in managing a health condition. Managing menstrual cramps ...

  2. Heavy Menstrual Periods - Treatment Overview

    In most cases, heavy menstrual periods can be managed with:Medicine to reduce bleeding.Hormone therapy to either stop your periods or make them more regular.But if these treatments don't work, surgery may be needed to control your bleeding.If you plan to become pregnant in the future, or if you're nearing the time when your periods will stop (menopause), you may want to try medicine first.Hormone treatmentHormone treatments that are used to help control heavy bleeding include:Birth control pills, patch, or ring. These types of birth control give you a regular dose of estrogen and progestin. They control your body's menstrual cycle and prevent pregnancy. They also help relieve heavy menstrual bleeding and pain. For example, when you take birth control pills, your menstrual bleeding may be half as heavy as it was before you took the pills. But when you stop taking the pills, heavy bleeding may return.Progestin pills. These pills can prevent overgrowth of the endometrium and reduce

  3. Normal Menstrual Cycle - Normal Menstrual Cycle

    The menstrual cycle is the series of changes your body goes through to prepare for a possible pregnancy. About once a month, the uterus grows a new, thickened lining (endometrium) that can hold a fertilized egg. When there is no fertilized egg to start a pregnancy, the uterus then sheds its lining. This is the monthly menstrual bleeding (also called menstruation or menstrual period) that you have

  4. Normal Menstrual Cycle - Menarche and the Teenage Menstrual Cycle

    Menarche is a girl's first menstrual cycle. A first period usually happens after several years of pubic hair growth, breast development, and rapid growth known as a "growth spurt." Menarche most commonly happens sometime between ages 11 and 14.7The first menstrual cycles are usually light and unpredictable. During the first 2 years, a typical teenage menstrual cycle can be anywhere from 21 to 42 .

  5. Normal Menstrual Cycle - Topic Overview

    What is a menstrual cycle?The menstrual cycle is the series of changes a woman's body goes through to prepare for a possible pregnancy. About once a month, the uterus grows a new, thickened lining (endometrium) so that it is ready to receive a fertilized egg. When there is no fertilized egg to start a pregnancy, the uterus then sheds its lining. This is the monthly menstrual bleeding (also called

  6. Heavy Menstrual Periods - Exams and Tests

    Your doctor will first try to rule out certain causes for your heavy menstrual periods, such as a miscarriage or a growth in your uterus. Your doctor will ask how often, how long, and how much you have been bleeding. You'll have a pelvic exam. During the exam, your doctor will check for signs of disease, infection, and abnormal growths.Based on the results of your pelvic exam, your doctor may also want to do:A Pap test to look for signs of infection and changes in the cells of your cervix.A transvaginal pelvic ultrasound to check for any problems in the pelvic area.An endometrial biopsy to look for changes in the cells lining your uterus (endometrium) and to see if the endometrium is going through the normal menstrual cycle changes.A hysteroscopy to look at the lining of your uterus and to look for the cause of heavy periods, such as fibroids.Your doctor may also order blood tests to check for anemia. When you lose a lot of blood during your period, your iron levels may drop. This can

  7. Relieving Menstrual Pain - Topic Overview

    Menstrual cramps can cause mild discomfort to severe pain and are most commonly seen in women between the ages of 20 and 24. After 1 to 2 years, when hormones level off, cramping may decrease.Menstrual cramping usually starts right before or in the beginning of your period. Cramps can cause pain in the lower abdomen, back, or thighs. You may also have headaches, diarrhea or constipation, nausea, .

  8. Women's Health Guide - Breast Biopsy

    A breast biopsy removes a sample of breast tissue that is looked at under a microscope to check for breast cancer.

  9. Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone (TSH) Suppression Therapy

    Drug details for Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) suppression therapy.

  10. Thyroid Surgery

    Thyroid surgery is used to treat thyroid nodules, thyroid cancer, and hyperthyroidism. During this procedure, part or all of the thyroid gland is removed.

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