Pap Test: Classification of Cell Changes - Topic Overview
Cervical cell changes are classified according to their degree of abnormality using the Bethesda system (TBS). Further evaluation decisions are guided by the kinds of changes seen in the cells. Minor cell changes Minor cervical cell changes are also called: Atypical squamous cells (ASC). ASC is further classified as: ASC of undetermined significance (ASC-US). ASC that cannot exclude ...
The Bethesda System (TBS) - Topic Overview
The Bethesda system (TBS) of classifying Pap tests was developed by the United States National Cancer Institute (NCI) to provide more detailed information about Pap test results. When lab specialists examine cervical cells,they use this system to report the lab results to doctors. Your doctor receives the report from the lab. The report tells your doctor if the cell sample taken during the ...
Abnormal Pap Test While Pregnant - Topic Overview
Pregnancy does not seem to increase the progression of abnormal cervical cell changes. The presence of abnormal cervical cell changes or HPV does not affect the outcome of the pregnancy. Close monitoring is needed so that you and your health professional can make the best treatment decisions at each stage of the pregnancy. An abnormal Pap test may be evaluated further with colposcopy. ...
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease - Home Treatment
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) require prompt medical treatment. If you have any unusual pelvic symptoms or pain, see your health professional without delay, even if your symptoms don't seem serious.
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease - Symptoms
Symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) range from none at all to severe. It's common to think that PID symptoms are a sign of something less serious.
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease - Exams and Tests
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is often difficult to diagnose because: PID symptoms vary and can be mistakenly linked to other health conditions. There is no single test that can detect PID. It is diagnosed by the combination of your medical history, y
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease - Surgery
Surgery is not usually done to treat pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) unless it is needed to: Drain or remove an abscess, such as a tubo - ovarian abscess. Cut scar tissue (adhesions) that is causing pain. Surgery is occasionally used when a diagnosis is
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease - What Increases Your Risk
You have an increased risk for developing pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) if you are at risk for getting a sexually transmitted disease (STD). Sexually active teens and young women have the highest rate of STD infection.
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease - Treatment Overview
Untreated pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) can produce scar tissue (adhesions) that can cause ongoing (chronic) pelvic pain, ectopic pregnancy, and infertility.
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease - Medications
The treatment of choice for pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is 2 weeks of a broad - spectrum antibiotic, which kills more than one type of bacteria. If taken properly, antibiotics will destroy the bacteria causing PID. Prompt antibiotic treatment may pr