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Women's Health

Medical Reference Related to Women's Health

  1. Abnormal Pap Test - Types of Results

    Lab specialists label abnormal cells according to how abnormal they are—how different they are from normal cells. Knowing what type of abnormal cells you have helps your doctor decide on treatment.Minor cell changesMinor cell changes may disappear without treatment. But sometimes they turn into more serious cell changes. Types of minor cell changes are:ASC-US or ASC-H. These are changes for which the cause is unknown. ASC-US changes usually stay the same or return to normal. ASC-H changes are also minor but have a higher likelihood of becoming more serious. LSIL. These changes may be more likely to become more severe over time, but even when they do, they usually return to normal.Moderate to severe cell changesModerate to severe cell changes—HSIL and AGC—are more likely to be precancerous and turn into cervical cancer if left untreated.In some countries, other labeling systems are used. These systems may use the term dysplasia to describe cervical cell changes. Or they may

  2. Pap Test: Classification of Cell Changes - Topic Overview

    Cervical cell changes are classified according to their degree of abnormality using the Bethesda system (TBS). Further evaluation decisions are guided by the kinds of changes seen in the cells. Minor cell changes Minor cervical cell changes are also called: Atypical squamous cells (ASC). ASC is further classified as: ASC of undetermined significance (ASC-US). ASC that cannot exclude ...

  3. Abnormal Pap Test While Pregnant - Topic Overview

    Pregnancy does not seem to increase the progression of abnormal cervical cell changes. The presence of abnormal cervical cell changes or HPV does not affect the outcome of the pregnancy. Close monitoring is needed so that you and your health professional can make the best treatment decisions at each stage of the pregnancy. An abnormal Pap test may be evaluated further with colposcopy. ...

  4. Pap Test: Collecting Cells in Liquid - Topic Overview

    Liquid-based methods for collecting cervical cells and preparing them for laboratory evaluation are now available. A sample of cervical cells is collected during a Pap test,and the cells are then rinsed in a liquid vial instead of being smeared on slides. The vials are taken to the laboratory,and a thin layer of the specimen is put on slides for microscopic examination. Only a small portion ...

  5. Cervical Polyps - Topic Overview

    What are cervical polyps?Cervical polyps are small, smooth, red, fingerlike growths in the passage extending from the uterus to the vagina (cervical canal). What causes cervical polyps?The cause of cervical polyps is not entirely understood. They are frequently the result of infection. They can also result from long - term (chronic) inflammation, an abnormal response to an increase in estrogen ...

  6. The Bethesda System (TBS) - Topic Overview

    The Bethesda system (TBS) of classifying Pap tests was developed by the United States National Cancer Institute (NCI) to provide more detailed information about Pap test results. When lab specialists examine cervical cells,they use this system to report the lab results to doctors. Your doctor receives the report from the lab. The report tells your doctor if the cell sample taken during the ...

  7. Abnormal Pap Test - Cause

    Most abnormal Pap tests are caused by HPV infections. Other types of infection—such as those caused by bacteria, yeast, or protozoa (Trichomonas)—sometimes lead to minor changes on a Pap test called atypical squamous cells. Natural cell changes that may happen during and after menopause can also cause an abnormal Pap test.What increases your risk of having an abnormal test result?Certain sexual behaviors—such as having sex without condoms and having more than one sex partner—increase your risk of getting an HPV infection. And an HPV infection raises your risk for having abnormal test results.Other things that may also play a role in increasing your risk include:Smoking.Having an impaired immune system.Having been exposed to the drug DES while your mother was pregnant with you, though this is rare.If you have had one abnormal Pap test result, you're more likely to have another in the future.

  8. Pap Test

    A Pap test is done to look for changes in the cells of the cervix.

  9. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease - Medications

    The treatment of choice for pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is 2 weeks of a broad - spectrum antibiotic, which kills more than one type of bacteria. If taken properly, antibiotics will destroy the bacteria causing PID. Prompt antibiotic treatment may pr

  10. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease - Symptoms

    Symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) range from none at all to severe. It's common to think that PID symptoms are a sign of something less serious.

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