Normal Menstrual Cycle - Menarche and the Teenage Menstrual Cycle
Menarche is a girl's first menstrual cycle. A first period usually happens after several years of pubic hair growth, breast development, and rapid growth known as a "growth spurt." Menarche most commonly happens sometime between ages 11 and 14.7The first menstrual cycles are usually light and unpredictable. During the first 2 years, a typical teenage menstrual cycle can be anywhere from 21 to 42 .
Heavy Menstrual Periods - Exams and Tests
Your doctor will first try to rule out certain causes for your heavy menstrual periods, such as a miscarriage or a growth in your uterus. Your doctor will ask how often, how long, and how much you have been bleeding. You'll have a pelvic exam. During the exam, your doctor will check for signs of disease, infection, and abnormal growths.Based on the results of your pelvic exam, your doctor may also want to do:A Pap test to look for signs of infection and changes in the cells of your cervix.A transvaginal pelvic ultrasound to check for any problems in the pelvic area.An endometrial biopsy to look for changes in the cells lining your uterus (endometrium) and to see if the endometrium is going through the normal menstrual cycle changes.A hysteroscopy to look at the lining of your uterus and to look for the cause of heavy periods, such as fibroids.Your doctor may also order blood tests to check for anemia. When you lose a lot of blood during your period, your iron levels may drop. This can
Women's Health Guide - Breast Biopsy
A breast biopsy removes a sample of breast tissue that is looked at under a microscope to check for breast cancer.
Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone (TSH) Suppression Therapy
Drug details for Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) suppression therapy.
Thyroid surgery is used to treat thyroid nodules, thyroid cancer, and hyperthyroidism. During this procedure, part or all of the thyroid gland is removed.
Radioactive iodine, given in a liquid form, is absorbed and concentrated by the thyroid gland. The treatment destroys thyroid tissue but does not harm other tissue in the body. See an illustration of the thyroid gland.While radiation can cause thyroid cancer, treatment of hyperthyroidism with radioactive iodine does not increase your chances of getting thyroid cancer. ...
Making Wise Health Decisions - Topic Overview
Throughout your life you will have to make health decisions for yourself and your family. The decisions you make will influence your overall well - being as well as the quality and cost of your care. In general, people who work with their doctors to make health decisions are happier with the care they receive and the results they achieve.Why should you partner with your doctor to make decisions? .
Making the Most of Your Appointment - Topic Overview
Many people are more satisfied with their health care if they share the responsibility with their health professionals. Your health professional is an expert on medical care, but you are the expert on yourself. Often there is more than one option for diagnosing or treating a condition. By partnering with your health professional, you can help choose the option that best fits your values, beliefs,
Getting a Second Opinion - Topic Overview
When you're facing a tough health care decision, you may have a hard time knowing what to do. Is surgery the answer? Is that expensive test the right choice? Is it best to get treatment, or watch and wait? To answer the big questions, it's a good idea to talk to more than one doctor. This is called getting a second opinion. When is a second opinion helpful? For everyday health care, you probably don't need a second opinion. But a second opinion may be a good idea if: You are deciding about a costly or risky test or treatment, like a surgery.You are not clear about how well a test or treatment may work.You need more information about your options.You are unsure about a diagnosis.How do you get a second opinion?Ask your doctor for the name of another expert, someone with whom he or she is not closely connected. Explain that this is how you like to make big medical decisions. Don't worry about offending your doctor. Second opinions are expected. If you aren't comfortable asking your
Making Wise Health Decisions - Skills for Making Wise Health Decisions
The following are some simple steps for you to follow when you have a health decision to make. Depending on the decision, the process may take a few minutes, a few hours, or several weeks. Take as much time as you need to make the decision that is right for you.What are your choices? Tell your doctor that you want to share in making the decision. Ask your doctor to clearly state the decision that