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Women's Health

Medical Reference Related to Women's Health

  1. Endometrial Ablation

    Endometrial ablation is a procedure that uses a lighted viewing instrument (hysteroscope) and other instruments to destroy (ablate) the uterine lining, or endometrium.

  2. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) - Symptoms

    Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) symptoms tend to start gradually. Most often, hormone changes that lead to PCOS start in the early teens, after the first menstrual period. Symptoms may be especially noticeable after a weight gain.

  3. Estrogens

    An estrogen test measures the level of the most important estrogen hormones (estradiol, estriol, and estrone) in a blood or urine sample.

  4. Progestin for Abnormal Uterine Bleeding

    Drug details for Progestin for dysfunctional uterine bleeding.

  5. Normal Menstrual Cycle - Normal Menstrual Cycle

    The menstrual cycle is the series of changes your body goes through to prepare for a possible pregnancy. About once a month, the uterus grows a new, thickened lining (endometrium) that can hold a fertilized egg. When there is no fertilized egg to start a pregnancy, the uterus then sheds its lining. This is the monthly menstrual bleeding (also called menstruation or menstrual period) that you have

  6. Heavy Menstrual Periods - Topic Overview

    What are heavy menstrual periods?If you bleed a lot during your menstrual cycle, you're not alone. Many women do. For some women, having heavy menstrual periods (also called menorrhagia) means passing large blood clots and changing sanitary pads and tampons often.What causes heavy periods?Several things can cause heavy periods. These may include:A change in hormones. Normally one of your ovaries releases an egg during your menstrual cycle. This is called ovulation. When you don't ovulate, your hormone levels can get out of balance. When this happens, it can affect the lining in your uterus and may cause heavy bleeding.An irritation in the uterus. Certain things can cause this to happen, such as using a copper intrauterine device (IUD).A growth in the uterus, such as a polyp or fibroid.A condition called adenomyosis. This occurs when the cells that normally line the uterus grow into the muscular tissue of the uterine wall.Some bleeding disorders that prevent blood from clotting

  7. Pap Test: Classification of Cell Changes - Topic Overview

    Cervical cell changes are classified according to their degree of abnormality using the Bethesda system (TBS). Further evaluation decisions are guided by the kinds of changes seen in the cells. Minor cell changes Minor cervical cell changes are also called: Atypical squamous cells (ASC). ASC is further classified as: ASC of undetermined significance (ASC-US). ASC that cannot exclude ...

  8. Recurrent Vaginal Yeast Infections - Topic Overview

    A vaginal yeast infection is thought to be recurrent when you have had four or more symptomatic infections, unrelated to antibiotic use, within 1 year. If you have a recurrent vaginal yeast infection, your doctor may do a culture to confirm that yeast is present. You may also be tested for certain conditions that could be making you more vulnerable to yeast overgrowth, such as diabetes. The recommended initial treatment for recurrent vaginal yeast infections includes vaginal medicines for 7 to 14 days or a single dose of oral fluconazole, with a second dose repeated 3 days later.1Initial treatment is then followed by at least 6 months of maintenance therapy, which could be oral or vaginal medicines. Some women who are treated for recurrent yeast infections do not see improvement in their symptoms. These women may have another condition that is causing symptoms similar to a yeast infection. Additional testing and treatment may be needed.

  9. Endometriosis - Treatment Overview

    Although there is no cure for endometriosis, treatment can improve pain and infertility. Treatment depends on how severe your symptoms are and whether you have future pregnancy plans.

  10. Stages of Endometriosis - Topic Overview

    Staging is a way of describing how mild or severe a condition is. The stage of the endometriosis is determined by looking at the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries and inside the abdomen and lower pelvic area. Usually, this is done with a viewing instrument inserted through a small incision in the belly (laparoscopy). But endometriosis is sometimes first found during surgery for an unrelated condition. Endometriosis is classified in four stages:Stage I: minimalStage II: mild Stage III: moderateStage IV: severeThe stage of the endometriosis is based on the:Location of endometriosis growths (implants).Number of places the implants are found.Depth the implants penetrate into normal tissue.Severity of the scar tissue (adhesions) around the implants.

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