Why It Is Done continued...
For women, pelvic ultrasound may be
- Find out what is causing pelvic
- Look for the cause of vaginal bleeding.
- Look for
pelvic inflammatory disease (PID).
intrauterine device (IUD) .
- Look at the
size and shape of the uterus and the thickness of the uterine lining (endometrium ).
- Look at the size and shape
of the ovaries.
- Check the condition and size of the ovaries during
- Confirm a pregnancy and
whether it is in the uterus. Pelvic ultrasound may be used early in pregnancy
to check the age of the pregnancy or to find a tubal pregnancy (ectopic pregnancy) or multiple pregnancy.
- Check the cervical length in a pregnant woman at risk for
- Check a lump found during
- Check uterine fibroids
found during a pelvic examination. Pelvic ultrasound may also be done to check
the growth of uterine fibroids.
- Guide a procedure to remove an
ovarian follicle for
in vitro fertilization.
For men, pelvic ultrasound may be
How To Prepare
Tell your doctor if you
have had an X-ray with
contrast material (such as barium) within the past 2
days. Barium that remains in the intestines can interfere with the ultrasound
Wear loose clothes for the pelvic ultrasound. You may need
to remove all your clothes below the waist and put on a gown before the
If you are having a biopsy or a special procedure during the
ultrasound, you may need to sign a consent form that says you understand the risks of the test and agree to have it done.
Talk to your
doctor about any concerns you have regarding the need for this test, its risks,
how it will be done, or what the results will mean. To help you understand the
importance of this test, fill out the
medical test information form(What is a PDF document?).