Functional Ovarian Cysts - What Happens
functional ovarian cysts cause no symptoms and go away
without treatment in 1 to 2 months or after 1 to 2 menstrual periods. Some
cysts grow as large as
4 in. (10.2 cm) in diameter
before they shrink or rupture. A rupturing functional cyst can cause some
temporary discomfort or pain.
What to think about
Functional ovarian cysts do
ovarian cancer. But your doctor must rule out other
possible types of ovarian cysts or growths before diagnosing a functional cyst.
This may involve another pelvic exam, a pelvic
ultrasound, or possibly a
laparoscopy procedure to closely examine the cyst and
Cysts after menopause. After
menopause, ovarian cancer risk increases. This is why
all postmenopausal ovarian growths are carefully checked for signs of cancer.
Some doctors will recommend removing the ovaries (oophorectomy) when any kind
of cyst develops on an ovary after menopause. But the trend in medicine seems
to be moving away from surgery for small and simple cysts in postmenopausal
women. In the 5 years after menopause, some women will still have functional
ovarian cysts now and then. Some postmenopausal ovarian cysts, called
unilocular cysts, which have thin walls and one
compartment, are rarely linked to cancer.