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What conditions can cause kyphosis?

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The following conditions can cause kyphosis:

  • Abnormal vertebrae development in utero (congenital kyphosis)
  • Poor posture or slouching (postural kyphosis)
  • Scheuermann's disease, a condition that causes vertebrae to be misshaped
  • Arthritis
  • Osteoporosis
  • Spina bifida, a birth defect in which the spinal column of the fetus does not close completely inside the womb
  • Spine infections
  • Spine tumors

From: Types of Spine Curvature Disorders WebMD Medical Reference

SOURCES:

American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons: "Kyphosis (Roundback) of the Spine."

Children's Hospital Boston: "Kyphosis."

Cedars Sinai: "Swayback."

U.S. National Library of Medicine: "Achondroplasia."

Spineuniverse.com: "Spondylolisthesis: Back Condition and Treatment," "What Is Spinal Instrumentation and Spinal Fusion?"

National Osteoporosis Foundation: "What Is Osteoporosis?"

Brown, R. , 2001. The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health: "Spina Bifida Information."

National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Disease, "Scoliosis."

Nemours Foundation: "Scoliosis."

Reviewed by Melinda Ratini on August 11, 2017

SOURCES:

American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons: "Kyphosis (Roundback) of the Spine."

Children's Hospital Boston: "Kyphosis."

Cedars Sinai: "Swayback."

U.S. National Library of Medicine: "Achondroplasia."

Spineuniverse.com: "Spondylolisthesis: Back Condition and Treatment," "What Is Spinal Instrumentation and Spinal Fusion?"

National Osteoporosis Foundation: "What Is Osteoporosis?"

Brown, R. , 2001. The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health: "Spina Bifida Information."

National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Disease, "Scoliosis."

Nemours Foundation: "Scoliosis."

Reviewed by Melinda Ratini on August 11, 2017

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What causes scoliosis?

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