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What are mixed bipolar episodes?

ANSWER

In most forms of bipolar disorder, moods alternate between high and low over time. A person with mixed features has symptoms of both mania and depression at the same time or right after the other.

SOURCES:
National Institute of Mental Health web site, "Bipolar Disorder."
Benazzi, F. Lancet, March 17, 2007.
Mick, E. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology, 2003.
McElroy, S. American Journal of Psychiatry, January 1997.
McElroy, S. American Journal of Psychiatry, December 1992.
Medical News Today: "Study Identifies Predictors of Bipolar Disorder Risk."
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise: "Bipolar Disorder: What Increases Your Risk."
Moore, D. and Jefferson, J. Handbook of Medical Psychiatry, Mosby, 2004.
Goodwin, F. The Journal of the American Medical Association, Sept. 17, 2003.
Conway, K. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, February 2006.
Medscape Psychiatry & Mental Health: "Substance Abuse and Bipolar Disorder."

Reviewed by Smitha Bhandari on April 14, 2020

SOURCES:
National Institute of Mental Health web site, "Bipolar Disorder."
Benazzi, F. Lancet, March 17, 2007.
Mick, E. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology, 2003.
McElroy, S. American Journal of Psychiatry, January 1997.
McElroy, S. American Journal of Psychiatry, December 1992.
Medical News Today: "Study Identifies Predictors of Bipolar Disorder Risk."
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise: "Bipolar Disorder: What Increases Your Risk."
Moore, D. and Jefferson, J. Handbook of Medical Psychiatry, Mosby, 2004.
Goodwin, F. The Journal of the American Medical Association, Sept. 17, 2003.
Conway, K. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, February 2006.
Medscape Psychiatry & Mental Health: "Substance Abuse and Bipolar Disorder."

Reviewed by Smitha Bhandari on April 14, 2020

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Who gets mixed bipolar episodes?

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