Understanding Sore Throat -- Prevention

Medically Reviewed by Nayana Ambardekar, MD on March 13, 2021

Here are some ways to avoid getting that raw, scratchy, burning feeling at the back of your throat.

If you smoke, stop. Nonsmokers should avoid secondhand smoke.

Also, take these steps to steer clear of colds and the flu, which often bring on sore throats:

  • Stay away from people who are sick.
  • Wash your hands often.
  • Don’t share food, drink, or utensils.
  • Keep your hands away from your eyes and face.
  • Eat a healthy diet.
  • Get plenty of rest.
  • Drink lots of fluids.

The CDC recommends that everyone older than 6 months get a flu vaccine every year, too.

You may also be prone to throat trouble if you have allergies or gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Getting treated for these problems can usually lower the number of sore throats you get, so talk to your doctor.

Show Sources


CDC: "Sore Throat." "Sore Throat: Prevention."

Georgetown University Be Well: "Sore Throats."

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