Drinking plenty of water will usually take care of your thirst. But sometimes, no amount of water seems like enough. You'll drink and drink and drink -- and drink -- and still be thirsty. That's polydipsia.
People who have polydipsia will also spend a lot of time in the bathroom. Instead of the 3 quarts most adults will pee out in a day, they can pee out as much as 16 quarts, depending on how much fluid they drink and what's causing their polydipsia.
Treatment for it depends on why you have it.
You usually get polydipsia as a symptom of other things.
Diabetes insipidus: What most people think of when they hear "diabetes" has to do with your pancreas. Diabetes insipidus happens when there's a problem with your kidneys or your pituitary gland, which makes a hormone that helps control how much water your kidneys keep in your body.
Mental illness: Some people have an uncontrollable urge to drink water, so they drink it all day even though they don't need to. This is called psychogenic polydipsia. Mental illnesses that can cause polydipsia include:
- Schizophrenia and other personality disorders
- Mood disorders, such as depression and anxiety
Why It's a Problem
Drinking too much water can upset the balance of chemistry in your body. Normally you get rid of extra water by peeing, but when your body can't keep up, your blood gets diluted. It could lead to too little sodium in your blood (hyponatremia) with too much water in and around your cells.
This condition can damage your organs and bones. It can also cause:
As hyponatremia gets worse, you could go into a coma or die.
If you've been extremely thirsty for a few days and peeing a lot, and you have any of these other symptoms, call your doctor right away.
People with diabetes will have to adjust their care routine to try to manage their blood sugar better.
Your doctor might prescribe medication or hormones for diabetes insipidus.
For psychogenic polydipsia, treatment includes:
- Limiting the fluids you drink