To do that work, your arteries need to be healthy. If they become narrower and less flexible because plaque is building up inside them, that's atherosclerosis. It's very risky, because it can lead to a heart attack or stroke.
Atherosclerosis and Fat
It's not just about the numbers on your scale. Where your fat is located also matters.
Get out a tape measure and measure your waist at the belly button. You're more likely to have atherosclerosis if you're a woman with a waist larger than 35 inches or a man with a waist that's 40 inches or more.
You need some fat to be healthy, but if you have too much of it, the lining of your arteries doesn't work as well as it should. That makes atherosclerosis more likely.
Lose Weight, Lower Your Risk
Many of the things you do to lose weight, like being active and eating healthy foods, make a big difference. You'll get:
- Healthier, more "elastic" blood vessels
- Lower blood pressure
- Higher levels of "good" (HDL) cholesterol
- Lower levels of "bad" (LDL) cholesterol
- Lower chance of getting type 2 diabetes
Ask your doctor what your goal weight should be, what diet guidelines they recommend (like limits on salt and fat), what types of exercise are OK for you to do, and how soon you'll see results.
Also, if you smoke, do everything you can to kick the habit. Smoking makes atherosclerosis more likely. If you already have atherosclerosis, smoking makes it worse. Avoid other people's smoke (secondhand smoke), too.