Make lifestyle changes
- Don't smoke. If you need help quitting, see the topic Quitting Smoking.
- Eat heart-healthy foods.
- Try an exercise program. Talk to your doctor about what type and level of exercise is safe for you.
- Stay at a healthy weight. Lose weight if you need to. For more information, see the topic Weight Management.
- Control your stress. Treatments like yoga, biofeedback, and meditation may help.
- Avoid alcohol if it triggers symptoms.
For more information, see:
Prevent other health problems
- If needed, take medicines that help lower your risk of heart disease. These include cholesterol and blood pressure medicine.
- Talk with your doctor or pharmacist before taking any new medicine. Tell your doctor all of the medicines you take. Some prescription and nonprescription medicine can interact with your heart medicines. Some nonprescription medicines, especially cold and herbal remedies, contain stimulants that can trigger atrial fibrillation.
- Get a flu vaccine every year.
- Know the signs of sleep apnea. Tell your doctor if you have symptoms such as snoring and feeling sleepy during the day. Many people with atrial fibrillation also have this condition.
Take medicines safely
When you take a blood thinning medicine, you need to take extra steps to avoid bleeding problems, such as preventing falls and injuries. If you take warfarin, you also get regular blood tests and watch how much vitamin K you eat or drink.