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National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism: "Alcohol Use Disorder," "Alcohol's Effects on the Body."
Rethinking Drinking: "What are symptoms of an alcohol use disorder?" "Handling urges to drink," "How can you reduce your risks?"
Alcohol Alert: "Neuroscience: Pathways to Alcohol Dependence."
"Alcohol Use Disorder: A Comparison Between DSM-IV and DSM-5," NIAAA, July 2016.
Neuropsychopharmacology: "Differential Brain Activity in Alcoholics and Social Drinkers to Alcohol Cues: Relationship to Craving."
Psychology Today: "Social Drinkers, Problem Drinkers and Alcoholics," "Failed New Year’s Resolutions to Cut Back on Drinking: Time to 'Think about Your Drinking.'"
Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology: "Effects of alcohol intoxication on the perceived consequences of risk taking."
Reviewed by Neha Pathak, MD on July 19, 2018
This tool does not provide medical advice. See additional information.
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