Bis-pantothenamidoethyl disulfide, D-bis-(N-Pantothenyl-B-aminoethyl)-disulfide, D-Pantethine, D-Pantéthine, Pantéthine, Pantetheine, Pantethine Octahydrate, Pantetina, Pantomin, Pantosin.


Overview Information

Pantethine is a vitamin-like dietary supplement. It is related to vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid).

Pantethine is most commonly used for lowering levels of cholesterol and triglycerides in people with diabetes or high levels of lipoproteins in the blood (hyperlipoproteinemia).

How does it work?

Pantethine might increase the concentrations of chemicals that lower blood cholesterol and triglycerides.


Uses & Effectiveness?

Possibly Effective for

  • High levels of lipoproteins in the blood (hyperlipoproteinemia). While not all research findings agree, taking pantethine by mouth or as a shot might slightly lower triglycerides, total cholesterol, and "bad" low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol; as well as raise "good" high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol. Pantethine also appears to correct blood fat problems that often occur in kidney failure patients who are undergoing hemodialysis.

Insufficient Evidence for

  • Athletic performance. Some research suggests that taking pantethine in combination with pantothenic acid and thiamine (given as allithiamin) does not improve muscular strength or endurance in well-trained athletes.
  • An inherited disease that can lead to kidney failure (cystinosis). Early research suggests that pantethine might be beneficial for cystinosis.
  • Supporting adrenal function.
  • Stress.
  • Formaldehyde sensitivity.
  • Other conditions.
More evidence is needed to rate the effectiveness of pantethine for these uses.

Side Effects

Side Effects & Safety

When taken by mouth: Pantethine is POSSIBLY SAFE for most adults when taken by mouth for up to a year. It can cause nausea, diarrhea, and stomach discomfort in some people.

When given as a shot: There isn't enough reliable information to know if pantethine is safe when given as a shot or what the side effects might be.

Special Precautions & Warnings:

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: There is not enough reliable information about the safety of taking pantethine if you are pregnant or breast-feeding. Stay on the safe side and avoid use.

Bleeding disorders: There is some evidence that pantethine can slow blood clotting. Some healthcare providers worry that pantethine might increase the risk of severe bleeding in patients with bleeding disorders. If you have a bleeding disorder, talk to your healthcare provider before starting pantethine.

Surgery: Pantethine might slow blood clotting. There is a concern that it might increase the risk of extra bleeding during and after surgery. Stop using pantethine at least 2 weeks before a scheduled surgery.



Moderate Interaction

Be cautious with this combination

  • Medications that slow blood clotting (Anticoagulant / Antiplatelet drugs) interacts with PANTETHINE

    Pantethine might slow blood clotting. Taking pantethine along with medications that also slow clotting might increase the chances of bruising and bleeding.
    Some medications that slow blood clotting include aspirin, clopidogrel (Plavix), diclofenac (Voltaren, Cataflam, others), ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, others), naproxen (Anaprox, Naprosyn, others), dalteparin (Fragmin), enoxaparin (Lovenox), heparin, warfarin (Coumadin), and others.



The following doses have been studied in scientific research:


  • High levels of lipoproteins in the blood (hyperlipoproteinemia): 300 mg of pantethine 3 to 4 times daily.
  • High levels of lipoproteins in the blood (hyperlipoproteinemia): 400 mg of pantethine daily.

View References


  • Agrati, A. M., Ambrosi, G., Ferraro, G., and Palmieri, G. Gemfibrozil efficacy vs. pantethine in dyslipoproteinemic patients: controlled study. Current Therapeutic Research 1989;45(Apr):650-663.
  • Angelica M, Pinto G Ciaccheri C et al. Improvement in serum lipid profile in hyperlipoproteinemia patients after treatment with pantethine: a cross-over double-blind trial versus placebo. Curr Ther Res 1983;33:1091-1097.
  • Angelico, M., Pinto, G., Ciaccheri, C., Alvaro, D., and De Santis, A. Improvement in serum lipid profile in hyperlipoproteinemic patients after treatment with pantethine: crossover, double blind trial versus placebo. Current Therapeutic Research 1983;33(June Sec 2):1091-1097.
  • Arsenio, L., Bodria, P., Bossi, S., Lateana, M., and Strata, A. [Clinical use of pantethine by parenteral route in the treatment of hyperlipidemia]. Acta Biomed.Ateneo.Parmense. 1987;58(5-6):143-152. View abstract.
  • Arsenio, L., Caronna, S., Lateana, M., Magnati, G., Strata, A., and Zammarchi, G. [Hyperlipidemia, diabetes and atherosclerosis: efficacy of treatment with pantethine]. Acta Biomed.Ateneo.Parmense. 1984;55(1):25-42. View abstract.
  • Avogaro P, Bittolo G Fusello M. Effect of pantethine on lipids, lipoproteins and apolipoproteins in man. Curr Ther Res 1983;33:488-493.
  • Avogaro, P., Bon, G. B., and Fusello, M. Effects of pantethine on lipids, lipoproteins and apolipoproteins in man. Current Therapeutic Research 1983;33(Mar):488-493.
  • Bellani F, Colnago R Meregalli M Scarpazza P Sesia O Donati C. Treatment of hyperlipidemias complicated by cardiovascular diseases in the elderly: results of an open short-term study with pantethine. Curr Ther Res 1986;40:912-916.
  • Bellani, F., Colnago, R., Meregalli, M., Scarpazza, P., and Donati, C. Treatment of hyperlipidemias complicated by cardiovascular diseases in the elderly: results of an open short term study with pantethine. Current Therapeutic Research 1986;40(Nov):912-916.
  • Bergesio, F., Ciuti, R., Innocenti, D., Galli, G. A., and Frizzi, V. [Use of pantethine in dyslipidemia of chronic uremic patients under dialysis treatment]. G.Clin.Med. 1985;66(11-12):433-440. View abstract.
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  • Coronel, F., Tornero, F., Torrente, J., Naranjo, P., De Oleo, P., Macia, M., and Barrientos, A. Treatment of hyperlipemia in diabetic patients on dialysis with a physiological substance. Am.J.Nephrol. 1991;11(1):32-36.
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  • Penet, M. F., Abou-Hamdan, M., Coltel, N., Cornille, E., Grau, G. E., de, Reggi M., and Gharib, B. Protection against cerebral malaria by the low-molecular-weight thiol pantethine. Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.U.S.A 1-29-2008;105(4):1321-1326. View abstract.
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  • Rubba, P., Postiglione, A., De Simone, B., Lamenza, F., and Mancini, M. Comparative evaluation of the lipid-lowering effects of fenofibrate and pantethine in type II hyperlipoproteinemia. Current Therapeutic Research 1985;38(May):719-727.
  • Rumberger, J. A., Napolitano, J., Azumano, I., Kamiya, T., and Evans, M. Pantethine, a derivative of vitamin B(5) used as a nutritional supplement, favorably alters low-density lipoprotein cholesterol metabolism in low- to moderate-cardiovascular risk North American subjects: a triple-blinded placebo and diet-controlled investigation. Nutr.Res. 2011;31(8):608-615. View abstract.
  • Seghieri, G., Maffucci, G., Toscano, G., Santoni, F., Tuci, S., and De Giorgio, L. A. [Effect of pantethine therapy in chronic uremic patients undergoing hemodialysis with type IV hyperlipoproteinemia]. G.Clin.Med. 1985;66(5-6):187-192. View abstract.
  • Tonutti, L., Taboga, C., and Noacco, C. [Comparison of the efficacy of pantethine, acipimox, and bezafibrate on plasma lipids and index of cardiovascular risk in diabetics with dyslipidemia]. Minerva Med. 1991;82(10):657-663. View abstract.
  • Vignola, D., Fanini, A., and Biffignandi, P. [Effects of D(+)-bis-(N-pantothenyl-amidoethyl)-disulphur on the blood lipid profile and apoproteins A and B levels]. Clin.Ter. 6-30-1985;113(6):479-483. View abstract.
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  • Agrati AM, Ambrosi G, Ferraro G, Palmieri. Gemfibrozil efficacy vs pantethine in dyslipoproteinemic patients: a controlled study. Curr Ther Res 1989;45:650-63.
  • Angelica M, Pinto G, Ciaccheri C, et al. Improvement in serum lipid profile in hyperlipoproteinemia patients after treatment with pantethine: a cross-over double-blind trial versus placebo. Curr Ther Res 1983;33:1091-7.
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  • Chen YQ, Zhao SP, Zhao YH. Efficacy and tolerability of coenzyme A vs pantethine for the treatment of patients with hyperlipidemia: A randomized, double-blind, multicenter study. J Clin Lipidol. 2015;9(5):692-7. View abstract.
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