Cnidii Fructus, Cnidii Monnieri Fructus, Cnidii Rhizoma, Cnidium Extract, Cnidium Fruit, Cnidium Fruit Extract, Cnidium Monnier, Cnidium monnieri, Cnidium Monnieri Fructus, Cnidium Seeds, Extrait de Cnidium, Extrait de Fruit de Cnidium, Fruit de Cnidium, Graines de Cnidium, Jashoshi, Monnier's Snowparsley, Sasangia, Selinum monnieri, She Chuang, She Chuang Dze, She Chuang Zi, Xasangtu.


Overview Information

Cnidium is a plant that is native to China. It is also commonly found in other parts of Asia. The fruit, seed, and other plant parts are used as medicine.

Cnidium is most commonly used for increasing sexual performance and sex drive, erectile dysfunction (ED), and skin conditions, but there is no good scientific evidence to support any of its uses.

Cnidium is a common ingredient in Chinese lotions, creams, and ointments.

How does it work?

Cnidium contains chemicals that might kill cancer and bacterial cells, reduce swelling (inflammation), strengthen bones, decrease itching, and increase sex drive.


Uses & Effectiveness?

Insufficient Evidence for

  • Increasing sexual performance and sex drive.
  • Erectile dysfunction (ED).
  • Inability to become pregnant within a year of trying to conceive (infertility).
  • Muscle strength.
  • Cancer.
  • Weak and brittle bones (osteoporosis).
  • Infections.
  • Increasing energy.
  • Skin conditions including itchy skin, rashes, eczema (atopic dermatitis), and ringworm (Tinea corporis), when applied to the skin.
  • Other conditions.
More evidence is needed to rate the effectiveness of cnidium for these uses.

Side Effects

Side Effects & Safety

When taken by mouth: There isn't enough reliable information to know if cnidium is safe. It might cause side effects such as a bitter mouth, stomach discomfort, and drowsiness.

When applied to the skin: There isn't enough reliable information to know if cnidium is safe or what the side effects might be.

Special Precautions & Warnings:

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: There isn't enough reliable information to know if cnidium is safe to use when pregnant or breast-feeding. Stay on the safe side and avoid use.

Surgery: Cnidium might slow blood clotting. It might cause extra bleeding during and after surgery. Stop using cnidium at least 2 weeks before a scheduled surgery.



We currently have no information for CNIDIUM Interactions.



The appropriate dose of cnidium depends on several factors such as the user's age, health, and several other conditions. At this time there is not enough scientific information to determine an appropriate range of doses for cnidium. Keep in mind that natural products are not always necessarily safe and dosages can be important. Be sure to follow relevant directions on product labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare professional before using.

View References


  • Cai JN, Basnet P, Wang ZT, Komatsu K, Xu LS, Tani T. Coumarins from the fruits of Cnidium monnieri. J Nat Prod 2000;63:485-8.. View abstract.
  • Chiou WF, Huang YL, Chen CF, Chen CC. Vasorelaxing effect of coumarins from Cnidium monnieri on rabbit corpus cavernosum. Planta Med 2001;67:282-4.. View abstract.
  • Kitajima J, Ishikawa T, Aoki Y. Glucides of Cnidium monnieri fruit. Phytochemistry 2001;58:641-4.. View abstract.
  • Matsuda H, Ido Y, Hirata A, et al. Antipruritic effect of Cnidii Monnieri Fructus (fruits of Cnidium monnieri CUSSON). Biol Pharm Bull 2002;25:260-3. View abstract.
  • Matsuda H, Tomohiro N, Ido Y, Kubo M. Anti-allergic effects of cnidii monnieri fructus (dried fruits of Cnidium monnieri) and its major component, osthol. Biol Pharm Bull 2002;25:809-12. View abstract.
  • Meng F, Xiong Z, Sun Y, Li F. Coumarins from Cnidium monnieri (L.) and their proliferation stimulating activity on osteoblast-like UMR106 cells. Pharmazie 2004;59:643-5.. View abstract.
  • Oh H, Kim JS, Song EK, et al. Sesquiterpenes with hepatoprotective activity from Cnidium monnieri on tacrine-induced cytotoxicity in Hep G2 cells. Planta Med 2002;68:748-9. View abstract.
  • Tohda C, Kakihara Y, Komatsu K, Kuraishi Y. Inhibitory effects of methanol extracts of herbal medicines on substance P-induced itch-scratch response. Biol Pharm Bull 2000;23:599-601. View abstract.
  • Yang LL, Wang MC, Chen LG, Wang CC. Cytotoxic activity of coumarins from the fruits of Cnidium monnieri on leukemia cell lines. Planta Med 2003;69:1091-5. View abstract.

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CONDITIONS OF USE AND IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This information is meant to supplement, not replace advice from your doctor or healthcare provider and is not meant to cover all possible uses, precautions, interactions or adverse effects. This information may not fit your specific health circumstances. Never delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice from your doctor or other qualified health care provider because of something you have read on WebMD. You should always speak with your doctor or health care professional before you start, stop, or change any prescribed part of your health care plan or treatment and to determine what course of therapy is right for you.

This copyrighted material is provided by Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Consumer Version. Information from this source is evidence-based and objective, and without commercial influence. For professional medical information on natural medicines, see Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Professional Version.
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