XANTHOPARMELIA

OTHER NAME(S):

X. scabrosa, Xanthoparmelia scabrosa.<br/><br/>

Overview

Overview Information

Xanthoparmelia is a type of lichen. Lichen is an organism that is made up of fungus and algae living together. Xanthoparmelia is used to make medicine.

Xanthoparmelia is used to treat sexual dysfunction, especially erectile dysfunction (ED), as well as to increase sexual desire (as an aphrodisiac). It is also used for cancer.

Products containing xanthoparmelia are often marketed for sexual enhancement. In 2004, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) seized numerous brand name supplement products containing xanthoparmelia because these products also contained the prescription drug tadalafil (Cialis). This drug is used to treat erectile dysfunction (ED).

How does it work?

There is not enough information available to know how xanthoparmelia might work. It is thought to contain poisonous chemicals.

Uses

Uses & Effectiveness?

Insufficient Evidence for

More evidence is needed to rate the effectiveness of xanthoparmelia for these uses.

Side Effects

Side Effects & Safety

Xanthoparmelia might be UNSAFE. It contains poisonous chemicals that can cause healthy body cells to die.

Special Precautions & Warnings:

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Xanthoparmelia seems to be UNSAFE for anyone. But it is especially important for pregnant and breast-feeding women to avoid using it.

Interactions

Interactions?

We currently have no information for XANTHOPARMELIA Interactions.

Dosing

Dosing

The appropriate dose of xanthoparmelia depends on several factors such as the user's age, health, and several other conditions. At this time there is not enough scientific information to determine an appropriate range of doses for xanthoparmelia. Keep in mind that natural products are not always necessarily safe and dosages can be important. Be sure to follow relevant directions on product labels and consult your pharmacist or physician or other healthcare professional before using.

View References

REFERENCES:

  • Ernst-Russell MA, Elix JA, Chai CLL, et al. Structure Revision and Cytotoxic Activity of the Scabrosin Esters, Epidithiopiperazinediones from the Lichen Xanthoparmelia scarbosa. Aust J Chem 1999;52:279-83.
  • FDA Enforcement Report. January 21, 2004. Available at: http://www.fda.gov/bbs/topics/enforce/2004/ENF00831.html.
  • Moerman KL, Chai CL, Waring P. Evidence that the lichen-derived scabrosin esters target mitochondrial ATP synthase in P388D1 cells. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 2003;190:232-40. View abstract.

More Resources for XANTHOPARMELIA

CONDITIONS OF USE AND IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This information is meant to supplement, not replace advice from your doctor or healthcare provider and is not meant to cover all possible uses, precautions, interactions or adverse effects. This information may not fit your specific health circumstances. Never delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice from your doctor or other qualified health care provider because of something you have read on WebMD. You should always speak with your doctor or health care professional before you start, stop, or change any prescribed part of your health care plan or treatment and to determine what course of therapy is right for you.

This copyrighted material is provided by Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Consumer Version. Information from this source is evidence-based and objective, and without commercial influence. For professional medical information on natural medicines, see Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Professional Version.
© Therapeutic Research Faculty 2018.